Latin America (or Latin America) is a concept that refers to a certain set of countries found in the American continent. The delimitation of this set may vary since there are different criteria for the formation of the group.
In general, Latin America refers to American countries whose inhabitants speak Spanish or Portuguese. In this way, they are left out of the group nations What Jamaica or Bahamas.
In certain areas, on the other hand, the idea of Latin America is usually associated with set of American countries located south of the United States. For this reason, more precisely, we speak of Latin America and the caribbean as a unit. This is how nations like Guyana, Surinam and Belize.
In addition to all these characteristics, we would also have to highlight other data of interest about Latin America:
• The life expectancy of its inhabitants ranges between 70 and 80 years of age.
• The most important cities it has, from a population point of view, are Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Bogotá, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Santiago, Caracas, Lima or Guadalajara.
• Taking into account the historical events that Latin America has had to face, such as colonialism, we should emphasize that its population can be classified into four large groups in terms of ethnicity: mestizo, Afro-American, indigenous and Creole.
• In addition to Spanish, French or Portuguese, the inhabitants of Latin America also speak another series of languages or languages such as Guaraní, Quechua, Mayan or Aymara.
• From a religious point of view, the doctrine that has the most faithful in this part of the globe is Catholic Christianity. In this sense, it should be noted that precisely the current Pope Francis has been the first Supreme Pontiff who is originally from Latin America, specifically he is from Argentina.
• No less important is to refer to education in this area. In this regard, we could underline that the most advanced countries in the matter, which have the best and most qualified educational systems, are Mexico and Brazil. Chile and Colombia follow behind.
• Brazil, Chile and Argentina are, for their part, the most advanced countries in Latin America in terms of health.
In general, Latin American countries share cultural and social characteristics since they have been colonial territories of the same European nations (Spain, Portugal and France). However, in addition to language differences, multiple political, environmental and other variations can also be mentioned.
It can be said that Brazil is the main economy from Latin America, followed by Mexico and Argentina, in that order. In terms of population, Brazil leads the list and behind appear Mexico and Colombia. Mexico City, Saint Paul, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro and lime are, on the other hand, the most populated cities of Latin America.
For all the characteristics mentioned, it is difficult to speak of Latin America as a unit. Even in the culture shows a rich diversity, since it combines, depending on the territory, elements of native cultures (Inca, Mayan, etc.) with European and African influences.