The concept of lapidary comes from the Latin word lapidarius, which means “brief” and which, in turn, emanates from the Latin noun “lapis, lapidis”, which can be translated as “stone”.
The first meaning mentioned by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) in his dictionary alludes to what is linked to precious stones (stones that, due to their transparency, hardness and fineness, are carved for use in luxury products).
It is known as lapidary, therefore, the individual who is dedicated to till or market stones precious. The lapidary works with various elements and tools to carry out the carving with precision.
In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of an important historical document that responds to the name of “Lapidary”. It is a treatise that came to address what were the magical properties of stones and the relationship they have with what is astrology. It is important to know that it was translated on several occasions, although the best known translation is the one that was carried out into Castilian around the year 1250 by King Alfonso X the Wise.
A total of 360 stones are those that have prominence in this document that is made up of four different books where those with the signs of the zodiac, with the conjunction of the planets and even with the phases that the aforementioned have are related to. signs. Also, what another of those books does is expose each and every one of the words in alphabetical order.
Lapidary, on the other hand, is that related to inscriptions in the headstones (stones with annotations, notes, epigraphs, etc.). It is also called lapidary who is in charge of engrave or make tombstones.
Starting from that meaning, it should be noted that among the words that function as a synonym for the term addressed in this case are jeweler, chiseller, engraver, jeweler, carver, marble maker or silversmith, among others.
Beyond all these uses of the concept, the most frequent use of lapidary in everyday language is as adjective to qualify the expression or style that is characterized by its conciseness and for being strict.
For instance: “The president of the club was lapidary with the player”, “The journalist made a lapidary analysis of the national reality”, “The young man offered a lapidary argument to justify his actions”.
Taking this meaning into account, we can establish that among the words that can be used, therefore, as a synonym for lapidary, they range from concise to abbreviated through concise, sober, brief, short or reduced, for example.
Suppose a basketball player (basketball), at the end of a match, he is interviewed by a journalist. The reporter asks him what opinion he has about the performance of the judges, considering that there were several controversial rulings during the course of the meeting. The athlete simply responds: “They had a disastrous performance and should never direct again”. Faced with this exclamation, it can be said that the basketball player was lapidary: he used few words and left no doubt about his opinion.