Establishing the etymological origin of the term laparoscopy leads us to German. And it is that that, used within the medical field, is a word that comes from the German word “laparoskopie”, which is the result of the sum of two Greek components: “lapara”, which means “flank”, and the verb “skopein ”, Which can be translated as“ look ”.
Laparoscopy (or laparoscopy, as the Royal Spanish Academy) is a visual examination technique that allows observing the pelvic-abdominal cavity with an instrument known as laparoscope.
East instrument, which is sterilized after each intervention so that it can continue to be used, emits a light that allows the cavity to be illuminated and has a camera that transmits the images of the interior of the organism. The technique enables minimally invasive surgical procedures, since they only require an incision of no more than 1.5 centimeters for the device to enter the body.
For instance: “I’m a little scared: tomorrow I’m going to have a laparoscopy”, “The doctor stated that a laparoscopy may be indicated for a treatment of this type”, “The scar left by the laparoscopy is almost imperceptible”.
The smaller incision means a smaller cosmetic mark, reduced postoperative pain and a faster overall recovery compared to the traditional open surgeries.
Laparoscopy, however, is not exempt from eventual complications. The laparoscope accesses vital organs that can be damaged, while the incision can become infected. The technique requires an experienced surgeon, able to move without errors.
Basically we would have to say that there are three different types of laparoscopies:
1. Diagnosis. This is carried out when the only thing the medical professional wants is to observe the state of the stomach or intestines, for example. Specifically, it is common to resort to it in cases of intestinal infarcts, acute abdominal pain, hernias or adhesions.
2. Experimental. This second modality is normally carried out on animals to be able to investigate and verify for the first time if it would be possible to carry it out in humans and later.
3. Surgical. As its name suggests, this type of laparoscopy is carried out to undertake a surgical intervention with the clear objective of being able to solve problems and diseases such as acute appendicitis, obstructions in the intestine, colon tumors, cysts in the ovary, ectopic pregnancies or fibroids of various kinds.
In addition to all the above, we would have to highlight other hallmarks about laparoscopy:
• Typically, it can last several hours.
• The person who submits to an action like her, after it will not be able to make any kind of effort and will not be able to drive.
• Three or four days is the usual time that a patient undergoes a laparoscopy is admitted, although in cases of an experimental one, it is usually one day.
The cystectomy (which allows removal of the urinary bladder, or part of it, in cases of bladder cancer), the cholecystectomy (to remove the gallbladder in the presence of stones or other disorders) and the appendectomy (which allows the extraction of the cecal appendix in acute appendicitis) are some surgeries that can be developed through this technique.