As can be seen in the definition of material, the term comes from Latin materialis, which refers to what is linked to the matter. However, in its broad sense it refers to the elements necessary to carry out a certain action; that is, the various components, whether real or abstract, that are brought together in a group and used for specific purposes.
It is necessary to clarify that there are many types of materials and that the meaning of the term may vary slightly according to the point of view from which you try to explain it. In this case we will give the definition that is given from the scientific investigation.
In the field of research, the concept of lab’s material, to refer to the one that is used in different types of laboratories and that it is made up of various instruments that fulfill certain functions.
It should be previously defined that a laboratory is a physical space where research is developed around a precise topic to expand the knowledge that in a certain science you have about a particular phenomenon or topic.
In a laboratory, the materials must be of good quality because there will be investigations that, in many cases, are of vital importance for expand knowledge in a specific area of science; therefore, the place where they are located must be appropriate, have adequate ventilation and lighting and the instruments and materials that make the normal operation of the place conducive.
The lab’s material It can be built with a wide variety of components, from glass to wood to rubber, metal and plastic. The characteristics of the material will depend on its function, since handling certain products involves risks.
Among the most common tools that are included within the laboratory material, are the flasks (a container with measurements), the pipette, the test tube, the test tube, the bohemian glass, the crystalizer, the funnel, the beaker and the lighter.
Classification of laboratory equipment
Laboratory equipment can be subdivided into various classifications according to function. In this way they can be: materials to combine substances, materials to measure volumes or materials to support others instruments.
Those materials that serve to combine different substances and expose them to chemical changes must be built with special and resistant components; It is normal to hear the commercial names of Pyrex or Kimax when referring to laboratory materials, and they are the most recommended internationally if you want to set up a new laboratory. Among these materials are the test tube, the flat bottom flask and the Erlenmeyer flask, the beaker, among others.
The materials used for measure volumes make up the volumetric material. The usual thing is that these components are built with glass since they favor the observation of what it houses, but they can also be made of transparent plastic; in either case they are graduates. These materials include the cylinder, pipette, burette, and volumetric flask. An alternative within the volumetric material, however, is the plastic no color (transparent): it is cheaper and helps avoid certain chemical reactions that do occur with glass.
Other types of materials are those used for support and fastening, which serve to contain other instruments used in the laboratory. These materials are made of metal, except for the rack, which is usually made of wood or plastic. These include the crucible forceps, the porcelain tripod and triangle, and the test tube rack.
There are other materials also used in the laboratory, such as alcohol lamp, the funnel, the mortar with pistil, the Combustion spoon, wave hydropneumatic tank, between many more.