This term derives from a Latin word that in turn derives from Greek, and is understood as a sneaky mockery. It consists of implying the opposite of what is said through a certain intonation or body language.
An example of the use of irony in colloquial speech can be the following. In a television program the news is given that a man was found dead with five shots to the head. A spectator comments that in his opinion it was a murder; to which another person who was observing the news, given the obviousness of the statement of the first, expresses: “How smart! Your capacity for deduction surprises me “.
Irony is not always intended to mock others, nor is it aggressive. A person who must go to the hospital to visit a sick relative may comment, by way of regret: “I have a very entertaining plan for this afternoon”. Something similar happens when two classmates come together to study and one affirms: “You don’t know how much fun we’re going to have with these books”.
The most cruel and violent irony is known as sarcasm: “No, you are not fat, is that all the others are very skinny”. This type of expression supposes an aggression that tries to discriminate and hurt the recipient.
Another ironic or sarcastic phrase is the following: “Of course I value your dedication, what’s more, I am going to organize a party in your honor to reward the relevance of your immeasurable effort in pursuit of this company”.
Irony as a figure of speech
In the case of irony like Figure of speech We can say that it allows it to be a tool that allows an author to express one thing by saying the opposite. It serves to endow the texts with a certain suspicion or to make them burlesque.
Among the authors who have best known how to use this resource when writing, we can mention Francisco de Quevedo and William Shakespeare. However, at this point it is important to note that there are many types of irony. Among the most prominent are:
* Tragic irony: also known as dramatic irony, it is typical of ancient tragedies and very present in almost all the works of the Anglo-Saxon writer Shakespeare.
It was used to increase the intensity of delicate situations in works where the words and actions of the character are expressed in such a close way to the reader that they seem highly plausible, despite having a high content of drama that could be considered absurd in reality. Behind the ironic phrases, the author manages to get closer to the public and open their eyes to a series of real-life issues that for him have gone unnoticed.
* Comic irony: present in works of a burlesque character, in which the author presented a critique of society with funny and buffoonish overtones. In Quevedo’s work we find many examples of this use.
In this case, irony serves to show an incongruity between the expectations the reader has and what happens in the end. Extremely absurd plots are usually posed or, in some cases, real life situations are explained in a convincing but bizarre way, implying that reality itself is full of unacceptable questions that pass as “normal” and urging them to reason and reason. consider a change to the possible events that occur.
There are other examples of irony. One very clear is the beginning of the work “Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austen. He says: “It is a conceived truth that a single man in possession of good fortune must be looking for a woman.”