Before entering fully into the meaning of the term ion, we are going to proceed to know its etymological origin. In this case we can indicate that it derives from the English “ion” which, in turn, emanates from the Greek word “ion”, which can be translated as “that goes”.
In the field of chemistry and of the physical the concept of ion to name an atom or a group of atoms that gains an electric charge by gaining or losing one or more electrons.
To understand what an ion is, it helps to focus first on defining other terms. It is important to know, first of all, that a atom It is a particle that cannot be divided by chemical methods, which has a nucleus that is surrounded by electrons (elementary particles that have a negative electrical charge).
An atom thus presents a nucleus with electrons around it. When, by adding or detaching an electron, the atom acquires an electric charge, it is called an ion. The ions, therefore, are electrically charged particles.
Is named ionization to the process that an atom or a molecule develops when transforming into an ion. This change occurs when, starting from a neutral state, the atom gains or loses electrons.
It is possible to differentiate between two types of ions: cations and the anions. A cation is an ion that has a positive electric charge (due to having lost electrons), while an anion It is an ion that has a negative electric charge (since it gained electrons).
Ions are also classified according to the number of atoms they have. When the ion has a single atom, it is a monatomic ion. On the other hand, if the ion has at least two atoms, it is called polyatomic ion.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that Ion is also a masculine name. Specifically, it must be known that it is attributed to men who identify themselves by their strong personality, who are very pleasant in their treatment and who stand out for their effort and energy. Likewise, we have to establish that it is a very common name in several autonomous communities of Spain, such as the Basque Country or Navarra.
Among the well-known figures who come to be so called are the television presenter Ion Aramendi, the writer and artistic director Ion Arretxe (1964 – 2017) and even Ion de Chios (490 BC – 422 BC). The latter was an ancient Greek author who, although he cultivated different genres, achieved great recognition for his tragedies.
Some of his most relevant works are “Suda”, “The guardians and Agamemnon”, “The great lady” or “Alcmena”.
Also, it should not be overlooked that Ion is also the name of a character in Greek mythology who is considered the ancestor of the Ionians. Precisely the illustrious Euripides created a work around him that he entitled precisely with his name.