Interview is a term that is linked to the verb to interview (the action of developing a conversation with one or more people with the aim of talking about certain topics and with a purpose determined).

Example of sentences where the term appears: “In the next issue of the magazine we will publish an exclusive interview with Manu Ginobili”, “Tomorrow I have a job interview at the center”, “After the interview with the doctor, we will decide what steps to follow”.

Journalism

The interview is a very important resource in journalism.

Interview types

The interview may have a journalistic purpose and develop to establish a communication indirect between the interviewee and his audience. In this sense, the interview can be recorded with a tape recorder to be reproduced on radio or as an audio file, recorded with a video camera to capture it on video or transcribed into a text.

Interviews can be of a scientific nature, the intention of which is to promote research on a topic science related and that involves obtaining information about the work of an individual or group in order to influence the opinions and feelings that the community to which the interview is directed has on this topic.

In the social Sciences, use the interview to get closer to a certain people and learn about their customs and other issues related to their culture, which provides fundamental data to develop theories related to the life of that society, their behaviors, desires, beliefs, etc. To do so, scientists tend to blend in with the group, living with them and learning from community experience the data they need to study that people.

The concept in the workplace

A job interview, on the other hand, it serves for an employer to know everything they want to know about a potential employee in order to discern whether or not they meet the necessary requirements to occupy a vacancy. In these types of interviews, questions are asked about the work experience, expectations, availability and other inherent issues to the acceptance of a job.

A meeting between two or more people who meet to discuss an issue or define a business can also be called an interview. When a company intends to hire a new employee, it is usual to develop Job interviews or labor with the candidates. These talks allow the employer to meet who is applying and choose the most suitable for the position.

job

Before hiring a worker, it is common for the employer to interview candidates.

The clinical interview

It should be noted that the clinical interview It is one that takes place between a medical professional and a person who occupies the role of patient.

These communications are developed within the framework of the professional field of the doctor and are aimed at exchange information and data that are useful to improve the patient’s health condition.

A structured process

Interviews can be structured or unstructured, depending on the type of questions that are developed and their purpose.

An interview is said to be structured when it is absolutely standardized; In other words, it is made up of rigid questions that are posed to all interlocutors identically and whose response is also structured. Some of the advantages of this type of interview are: that it is easier process the information(being able to easily compare the answers obtained, useful for example to create a statistic), which a very bold interviewer is not required (Anyone could carry out this work, regardless of whether or not they are a journalist), that uniform information is collected (It is easy to eliminate those data that do not make the investigation, that do not provide useful information to the objectives of the interview).

They are usually used in the scientific field (censuses, job surveys, etc.) and in media that do not have an expert in journalism, capable of skillfully working in the field and develop interesting questions and independent from each of their interlocutors.

The unstructured interview

On the other hand, the interviews unstructured They allow you to get closer to the interlocutor, they are more flexible and, although there is also a line of questions that guides them, these are not rigid and allow the interviewer to cross-examine what they consider important or go deeper into certain topics that are of interest or that they believe that may interest your interlocutors.

The advantage of this type of interview is that the questions they adapt the interviewee in question and the same interview could be used to various situations and subjects, it also allows to delve into topics of a certain interest and guide hypotheses towards areas of new exploration. In their disadvantages there is the difficulty in tabulating the data obtained, the requirement of a certain technical ability by the interviewer and a greater knowledge on the subject of the interview.

An unstructured interview can be in depth (It is intended that the interviewee orally expresses his perception of a certain event), focused(Although it may be an in-depth interview, it is directed to a particular subject and in a specific situation in which the individual has been the protagonist) or focused (group interview that allows approaching a specific event with greater ease of reflection on the subject in question).

Two subjects interfere in an interview interviewer (the one who asks the questions and guides the conversation) and interviewed (the one who responds and who is the protagonist of said conversation). In addition, for it to be carried out it is necessary that there is an interest for the communicational exchange. For example, if a writer has just released a book and is being interviewed, there will be a common interest for it to be carried out: the interviewer will be interested in knowing everything about the work from the author’s mouth and the interviewee will want to publicize your book and promote your work through the medium that interviews you.

Before conducting an interview, you need to set certain goals, which have to do with the functions that said interview will fulfill for the community that is going to receive it. According to the environment of said community, one or other questions may be asked.

When doing an interview it is very important to take into account certain guidelines, which if carried out will allow a better use of time with the interviewee.

* Start the dialogue of cordial way, creating a bond with the interviewee that helps the development of a fluid and interesting interview;
*Do not abandon the interviewee to his luck, but to help him provide the answer to the question that has been asked;
* Allow the interlocutor calmly expands, without cutting off communication and once finished, complementing with what is considered important (specifying dates or events, for example);
* Create questions that don’t be embarrassing for the interlocutor, but are related to the topic of interest;
*Be spontaneous and direct without resorting to superb or cunning methods.