In order to discover the meaning of the term intersubjectivity, it is necessary, first of all, to determine its etymological origin. In this case, we can add that it is a word that derives from Latin, specifically it is the result of the union of several lexical components of that language:
-The prefix “inter-”, which means “between”.
-The word “subiectus”, which can be translated as “controlled” or “put down”.
-The suffix “-tive”, which is used to indicate a passive or active relationship.
-The suffix “-dad”, which indicates “quality”.
The intersubjectivity alludes to intersubjective condition, a adjective that is linked to what happens in the emotional or intellectual communication between two or more people. Philosophy, psychology and other sciences appeal to this concept and define it from different perspectives.
It can be said that intersubjectivity is a common space where different subjects maintain a interaction. This symbolic place enables mutual understanding: that is, that individuals understand each other.
Underlying intersubjectivity is an agreement that allows the social interaction. In it there is a cognition that is shared and knowledge is socially constructed. Therefore intersubjectivity favors the learning through dialogue and consensus.
Following this reasoning, where a consensus is reached there is communication, and in that communication meanings are produced. Intersubjectivity is the interface between the subjects, or more precisely between the psychic apparatuses of the subjects.
When talking about children with autism, it should be noted that intersubjectivity is also discussed. In this specific case, what is established is that when an evaluation of those is carried out, it is necessary to take into account what are the different kinds of intersubjectivity that it can show, especially highlighting these two:
-Primary intersubjectivity, which is when the minor recognizes his interlocutor, with whom he can, at first, carry out a series of very simple interactions, which is called ‘proto-conversations’.
-Secondary intersubjectivity, which is when the child has the ability to see people as those who can help them meet the needs they have but, at the same time, they consider that they can also be useful to understand the world around them .
Likewise, it should be noted that among the existing intersubjective relationships, those of an economic nature take center stage, in which both products of goods and services and their consumers take center stage.
For him psychoanalysis, intersubjectivity supposes a reciprocity between two subjects which is formed by a psychic co-activity that differs from the psychic activity of each individual. This psychic co-activity, in turn, is associated with a shared feeling.
It is important to note that numerous theories about intersubjectivity, which coexist and are complementary in many cases. Therefore, conclusions and nuances can be drawn from each one to understand the idea from different perspectives, without there being a single definition. According to each science or approach, intersubjectivity is understood in one way or another, or analyzed from a certain angle in particular.