It is known as guard to the custody or preservation of something. The idea of information, for its part, refers to knowledge that exist on a subject or that a person has.
The concept of Information protection, therefore, it is linked to the protection of certain data. The information in question can be physical or digital, as well as the safeguard that is made.
Let us suppose that an individual intends to carry out a safeguarding of the information that he has stored in his computer (computer). This information is contained in digital files of different formats. The backup in question can be done in several ways: one option is to upload the files to a Internet storage service (what is known by the name of cloud storage), something that allows you to preserve the documents in the event that the equipment suffers some type of damage.
Another possibility for the protection of information is the realization of a copy of security or backup in another physical environment, such as a CD ROM or a DVD-ROM. In this case, the information is duplicated and is no longer only stored on the computer’s hard drive, but can also be consulted on a CD or DVD.
Physical information can also be stored in different ways. A set of papers with confidential information can be kept in a safe or in the Deposit of a business specialized.
It is important to bear in mind that the protection of information can serve to protect the data from a potential computer attack (the action of a hacker), a virus or even physical threats like a fire or one flood.
Safeguarding digital information: useful tips
Before proceeding to protect our information, the first logical step should be establish a organization solid and reliable of our documents. Although it is easy to let time pass and postpone the order of our personal directories, since computers are more powerful every day and do not slow down easily, we cannot escape the harsh reality: the later we get to organize our information , the more difficult the task will be.
This point is fundamental, and covers the entire useful life of a file: when we create them, we must assign them a clear, concise name that faithfully refers to its content; then save it in the proper directory, taking into account the criterion desired for classification, so that we can find it quickly when we need it.
Having successfully passed the first step, it is time to choose the storage medium that best suits our possibilities and that meets our expectations. The options are several: external hard drives, flash memories or optical discs (CDs and DVDs), among others; each one has its advantage and disadvantages, some of which are subjective, and therefore the choice must be personal. For example, if we don’t have a lot of physical space, we should probably go for flash memory or optical discs, while if we want the best capacity / price ratio, hard drives will be the winners.
On the other hand, it is very important create a routine to carry out the protection of the information; the most recommended is to make the backup copies at the end of each working day, or when an important modification is carried out in a certain file. If the information is very heavy, there is always the option to compress files, making use of any of the tools better known, such as Winrar, 7Zip Y Winzip. A general advice is create at least two copies, and take advantage of various methods and means, such as a local disk and a cloud service.