This term comes from a Latin word that refers to something that cannot be alienated (that is, whose domain cannot be passed or transmitted from one individual to another). The inalienable, therefore, cannot be legally sold or transferred.

The inalienable rights they are those considered fundamental; which cannot be legitimately denied to a person. No government or authority it has competence to deny them, since they are part of the essence of the person. The human rights they are inalienable rights.


Inalienable rights are inherent to the person and cannot be waived.

The inalienable is inherent in the person

These types of rights, on the other hand, are inalienable. No subject can get rid of them, not even of his own free will. For example: there is no voluntary slavery. A person cannot give up his freedom and voluntarily submit to the commands of another human being.

Other inalienable human rights are to equality and fraternity. It should be mentioned that they are considered fundamental for the normal development of an individual and consist of the ethical and moral basis that protects the dignity of people.

The inalienable rights are inherent to the individual by the mere fact of belonging to the human species. This means that the way in which they are acquired is involuntary. From the moment an individual is born he possesses them and cannot get rid of them until the day of his death. And there is no possible legal order or punishment that can deprive you of these rights.

Characteristics of human rights

It is often said that human rights are inalienable, irrevocable and non-transferable. In addition to being protected by various international laws, human rights are considered an ethical and moral basis to protect the dignity of people.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was adopted by the United Nations on 1948, collects the inalienable rights of human beings. The union of this declaration and the international agreements agreed by the countries receives the name of International Bill of Human Rights.

The first to postulate this concept was John Locke, an English thinker of the 17th century. His idea was to ensure that once human rights were raised, no person, because they belonged to a certain ideology or policy, would decide to get rid of them. In this way, it was considered that the rights would be inalienable, so that no one could renounce their own rights or violate those of other human beings, under any cause.

This characteristic of human rights establishes a close relationship between individual and social rights. Thus, the right to freedom in all its aspects (in terms of opinion, thought, to exercise a religion, etc.) and the right to work in all that it means (to equitable working conditions, social security) acquire equal relevance. , etc).


The existence of inalienable rights in animals is often a matter of debate.

Inalienable rights in other species

In recent years, the work of various specialists leads us to wonder if these rights are exclusive to our species or should be spread to other animals or sentient beings. In this way, from different groups defending the rights of animals, they express the urgency of the cessation of their exploitation in order to ensure absolute freedom and invulnerability of their rights. A series of proposals then arise that should be considered from the legal order.

Just as several decades ago laws had to be drawn up to favor the most disadvantaged classes of the human population, it would correspond to do the same with those species that are used for the benefit of human beings, who are deprived of their liberty and even their lives for satisfying needs that could be covered in another way.

If we have the ability to impose the inalienability of these rights on human beings, would it not correspond that we also do so with those who have a way of feeling and of experience the similar life to ours?