Import is a term that comes from the verb to import (Introduce products or foreign customs in a country). It is the action of importing merchandise or symbolic issues from another nation. For instance: “The government plans to introduce barriers to the importation of footwear so as not to harm local producers”, “Free import encourages consumption as it allows prices to be lowered”, “The import of those materials that are not produced in the country is necessary”.
The set of imported things also known as import: “Venezuela reduced imports by 12% in the last year”, “Given the sharp increase in imports due to the exchange rate, the port infrastructure is no longer sufficient”.
The State usually regulates imports according to specific regulations. The differences between the economic conditions and the laws of each country can generate distortions in the market and harm national producers. If a country subsidizes the production of a good X and said good is imported by a nation at very low prices, who produce the good X in the importing country they will be harmed as they will not be able to compete.
Importing, however, is important to access goods that are not produced in the country or that are of lower quality. On the other hand, always within a delicate balance, importing cheaper products favors consumption and, therefore, the economy it grows.
At the level of a national economy, imports can be financed through the trade surplus (the country exports more than it imports), the entry of foreign capital (for investments, tourism activity, etc.) or with public debt.
Within the field of computing, the term import refers to the inclusion of one document or part of it in another, and there are several possible scenarios. First of all, it is possible to import a file generated in a Program to another, produced by a different application. The need for such a function may arise for several reasons: the original program is no longer available, or it is a very old version of the one we currently have, an attempt is made to take advantage of someone else’s work in the environment itself, and so on.
Import offers many Benefitsas it facilitates communication between various programs and work environments. Regarding this last point, not only can there be incompatibility between two different word processors, for example, but it also occurs between operating systems. Today it is common for a Windows user to want to explore the possibilities offered by one of the versions of Linux, and that mere decision leads to the need to convert many of the files that they want to continue using.
But incompatibility is only one of the reasons why a function import. In the field of 3D design, for example, developers often reuse models created in previous projects; those who work in the creation of scenes for animations and video games do not always make all the objects from scratch, but resort to bookstores public (both free and paid) and your own portfolio, of which they import those elements that they consider possible to reuse, after making the pertinent modifications.
In some cases, the action of importing a file leads to its conversion to a new one. Format, as happens when opening a song recorded as MIDI and trying to edit it, using an application such as Finale. Generally, for a format to be taken into account by a program that does not use it natively, it is necessary that it enjoy a wide acceptance, that it has become very popular.