When starting to define the term imperialism, it is important that, first of all, we undertake the establishment of its etymological origin as it will give us the keys to its meaning. In this way we can establish that this origin is found in Latin and is the result of the union of three clearly differentiated elements: the prefix in which can be translated as “inward”, the verb I’ll stop which means “to order”, and finally the suffix –ism which is equivalent to “doctrine”.

Imperialism is a doctrine, conduct, trend or system of those regimes that want expand your domain towards another or other territories through force (both military and political or economic).

ImperialismA Condition imperialist, therefore, you want to impose yourself on others countries and exercise its control. Is about nations who have great strength and who do not hesitate to use it, either directly or indirectly, on the weakest.

The modern notion of imperialism arose from the XIX century to name the process of economic growth carried out by the European powers. These countries began to conquer lands and create colonies on various continents with the intention of accessing raw materials and finding new ones. markets for your products.

As we have said, the search by the different powers for raw materials to continue their growth in the midst of the Industrial Revolution seems to be, according to historians, the main reason that gave rise to this phenomenon of Imperialism. Among the countries that exercised it the most, Great Britain stands out, which was at the forefront of it and which managed to both have colonies and annex territories in places such as Asia or Africa.

At the end of XIX century, the concept began to be used to refer to the economic domain exercised by the powerful over the poorest countries. This imperialism, in general, does not require the use of military force, but is exercised through political and economic pressure. For example: a power agrees to lend money to a peripheral country as long as it enacts laws favorable to its companies.

Imperialism tries to justify itself for various reasons: from demographic (the intention to increase the surface of the nation) until economic (to satisfy their own needs), going through reasons of the science (like the desire to investigate in other territories).

And all of them without forgetting that there are other causes of great importance such as technical-political and strategic. That is to say, imperialism was developing and spreading also because the rulers need new territories to forget the loss of others, to have strategic points in their trade routes and also to have enclaves that would serve them to develop an important defense from a point of military view.

Among the most important consequences of the phenomenon that concerns us, we must highlight the loss of traditional cultural values, a process of proletarianization in the society of the conquered territories or the destruction of natural ecosystems.

US imperialism under the rule of George W. Bush, for example, he tried to justify himself on political grounds (improving security) and religious motives (confronting the Axis of evil).