Illustration is the action and effect of illustrating (draw, decorate). The term allows to name the He drew, stamp or Recorded that adorns, documents or decorates a book. For example: “This book has a nice illustration of a unicorn”, “The illustrations for my last novel were made by a French artist”. “I want a book with illustrations of animals to give to my son”.
In this same sense, it must be stated that illustration is a term that is also commonly used to refer to the periodical publication that is usually composed of both text and plates and drawings of various types.
The verb illustrate can also be used as a synonym for give light to understanding: “Thanks to the doctor, we are going to learn about epidemiology”, “I am going to enlighten you on the matter through this lecture.”.
This use of the concept is related to the Illustration as a philosophical movement that arose in the century XVIII and was characterized by highlighting the predominance of reason. Enlightenment is the name given to this movement and the time in which it developed.
The Age of Enlightenment was also called this historical stage which, in addition to the cited identity signs, opted for having another series of essential characteristics such as hyper-criticism, imitation, universalism and idealism.
Enlightenment thinkers believed that ignorance and superstition could be fought through human reason. Reason would also help end tyrannies and build a better world.
The leaders of the movement felt chosen to educate the people and lead the people towards a new type of society. The Enlightenment held that Old Regime and absolutism in general relied on the ignorance of the population to establish dominance.
Among the most important figures of that period, it should be noted, for example, Montesquieu. This is a politician and thinker who was one of the fathers of the establishment of the theory of the separation of powers, which became one of the fundamental pillars of the modern rule of law.
Rousseau, who developed important republican theories, or Voltaire, manifestly against fanaticism and intolerance, were two of the most important and fundamental figures within the Enlightenment movement.
One of the main consequences of the development of the Enlightenment was the change that occurred within society. Specifically, this period was establishing the end of the so-called estate society and the appearance of the bourgeoisie took place. An establishment that will be able to gain more and more prominence at all levels. So much so that it will occupy positions of importance at the political level to the detriment of the reigning and dominant aristocracy until that very moment.
Notably, the movement was anthropocentric (considers the human being as the center of actions), rationalist (reality is limited to sensory experience) and pragmatic (The useful is the only valid thing).