From Latin illicĭtus, a illicit is what not legally or morally allowed. It is, therefore, a crime (a breaking of the law) or of a lack of ethics. For example: “We have arrested a man who had just committed an offense in the shopping center”, “The suspect has a history of different crimes, from robberies to murders”, “It is illegal to think that, with a few happy gestures, he will correct years of injustice”.
It is known as wrongful act to the act contrary to right. The illicit cause, on the other hand, is one that opposes the laws or the moral: “The mayor committed an illegal act and must answer to the Justice”, “My dismissal has an illicit cause: I have the right to demand compensation”.
We cannot forget that there is also what is known as an administrative offense. It is a term that is defined as the act or conduct that is totally contrary to what the Law establishes. That is, the administrative offense is the offense that usually has a specific penalty. Among the most common examples of that would be traffic tickets.
Going a little deeper into the definition of this term, we can also establish that an administrative offense is the set of prohibitions that are organized within the administrative systems.
In the same way, there is also the tax crime that can be said to be a violation of existing financial laws. This action results in the offender having to “compensate” that act by paying an amount of money either to the State or to another public entity.
Temporary closure of the establishment, disqualification or imprisonment are other of the main sanctions that can be established for someone based on that action taken.
We also find four different types of tax crimes: formal, material, such as not having paid a tribute; punished with a jail sentence, such as tax fraud, and referring to taxed and fiscal species.
The illicit enrichment It is a concept that refers to the act of getting rich by means contrary to the law. The notion is often used to name the public official who takes advantage of his power and authority to carry out illegal business or who obtains money thanks to bribes: “The president will be accused of illicit enrichment since he could not justify how he acquired a mansion valued at a million dollars”, “The official was prosecuted for illicit enrichment and could spend up to five years behind bars”.
However, we cannot ignore the fact that there are other equally criminal acts such as illicit trade or illicit trafficking in works of art that, in the same way, lead many people to be tried and sentenced to prison terms.
The term against illicit is lawful (from Latin licĭtus), which allows naming what is fair and what is allowed according to the Justice and the reason: “The behavior of the man may be questionable from the ethical point of view, but it is legal and not punishable by law”.