From Latin identitas, the identity is he set of proper traits of an individual or a community. These traits characterize the subject or the community compared to others. For example: “Mate is part of the River Plate identity”, “A person has the right to know his past to defend his identity”.

Identity is also the conscience that a person has with respect to himself and that makes him someone different from others. Although many of the traits that make up identity are hereditary or innate, the environment exerts a great influence in shaping the specificity of each subject; for this reason expressions such as “I am looking for my own identity”.

In another context, it is known as algebraic identity to equality between algebraic expressions that is always verified from any value of the variables involved: xM + xN = x (M + N) it is an identity since, whatever the value of the variables, there will always be an equality.

Inner reality

Identity can be related to self-perception.

Identity as a personal and subjective dimension

At the level of the individual, the idea identity is associated with something of your own, an inner reality that can be hidden behind attitudes or behaviors that, in reality, are not related to the person: “I felt that I had lost my identity; I began to accept jobs that I didn’t like and with which I had nothing in common “.

The concept of sexual identity refers to the view that each person has their own sexuality, which is decisive when interacting with the rest of society. The notion links the biological dimension of the human being with the cultural aspect and freedom of choice.

Gender and orientation

Considering the rejection that nationalist and religious groups show to those who wish to go their own way, it is to be expected that they will despise even more someone who is not comfortable with their gender. Human beings who fear knowing themselves, asking questions, showing themselves as they really are, tend to take refuge in the false security that a group provides them; since that stillness, they mock and attack those who have had the courage to seek their own identity.

It is important to clarify that sexual identity is not related to sexual orientation: the first refers to the gender that a person feels represents or corresponds to him; the second, on the other hand, refers to gender towards which she is attracted. Both cases, however, escape the will, which is why it is also incorrect to speak of “choice.” Likewise, they can occur simultaneously in the same individual.


It is possible to reliably determine the identity of an individual through their fingerprint.

Identity, focus of conflict

Identity belongs to the group of concepts that usually generate controversy when they are mixed with religion or politics, since it can be understood in two very definite and opposite ways, one related to freedom and authenticity, and the other, to the assumption of a social role determined by old. The first refers to that search mentioned in previous paragraphs, and starts from accepting that identity is formed, molded, enriched.

A identification document It is nothing more than a piece of paper with a series of alphanumeric data that helps to maintain order, to control the citizens of the same nation; but nothing says who its carrier is in reality, what they feel, what their interests are. Worse still, it does not guarantee that said subject is proud to belong to his country of origin. It’s just cold, organizational information; but not everyone considers it that way.