The notion of idealism it has two great meanings. On the one hand, it is used to describe the possibility of intelligence to idealize. On the other hand, idealism presents itself as a philosophical system that conceives ideas as the principle of being and knowing.
Idealism in profile philosophicalTherefore, he maintains that the reality that is outside one’s own mind is not comprehensible in itself, since the object of man’s knowledge is always constructed from cognitive action.
It can then be said that idealism is opposed to materialism, a doctrine that ensures that the only reality is matter. The subjective idealists believe that the entity itself is unknowable, but reflection offers the possibility of approaching the knowledge. For the objective idealistsOn the other hand, the only object that can be known is that which exists in the thought of the individual.
It is possible to distinguish, according to idealism, between phenomenon (the object that can be known according to the perception of the senses) and the noumenon (i.e. the objects themselves, with their own features natural). Reality is shaped by the content of man’s consciousness: that is, by what we perceive and not by what it really is.
Differences with realism
In general, the terms idealism and realism are often confused, but there are many differences between the two that need to be noted.
In principle, both conceive the origin of the knowledge in a diverse way; realism maintains that it occurs in things, while idealism defines it as an activity carried out by man to develop concepts.
Realism proposes the existence of things independently of our reasoning or our intellectual processes. On the other hand, idealism defends the participation of the mind for the conception, for example, of laws, mathematics or art, which would not take place without our intervention.
In this way, it is understood that idealism focuses on the human being as a necessary subject to give rise to reality, while realism starts from it and goes in search of it. It depends on the degree of knowledge of both concepts, some affirm that they are very close to being opposite, while others conceive them as complementary.
In colloquial language, idealism is associated with trust in values that have fallen into disuse and optimism today. An idealist believes that moral, the ethics, the goodness and the solidarity, for example, they manage to prevail against contrary concepts. For example: “My grandfather was always an idealist who fought for a better world”.
Unfortunately, this sense of idealism comes dangerously close to denial, which is one of the greatest causes of human failure as a species. To believe firmly and unshakable in something, ignoring the possibility of a change, turning a deaf ear to the diversity of opinions, is the same as dying; It is to set limits that do not allow anything to advance, to stagnate the air so that the currents do not bring new aromas. This attitude is usually associated with older people but, like other self-destructive attitudes, it does not pay attention to age, gender or race.
In painting, idealism is a form of represent reality with a very high level of fidelity, similar to artistic realism. However, he is opposed to the latter as he tries purify it of any vulgar element or lacking in beauty, according to the own vision of each artist. Only the major aspects elegance and refinement they pass the filter of said abstraction, resulting in scenes that are necessarily fluid, without much contrast and artificially balanced.