The hydrology is the scientific discipline who is dedicated to investigating waters of the planet Land. It is a specialty focused on the properties, circulation and distribution of rivers, oceans, etc.
The field of action of hydrology, however, transcends the study of water masses and includes the Humidity of floor, the rainfall and other phenomena. The hydrographyInstead, it limits itself to describing the waters found on Earth.
It can be said that hydrology analyzes all the processes involved in the recovery and depletion of water resources. It is also oriented to the influence that the Water exerts on the living beings and about him environment.
The applications of the knowledge provided by hydrology are numerous. The works of engineering Related to water supply, drainage and circulation, for example, they are based on hydrological information that enables modeling.
In this way, the construction of road infrastructure and protection against floods, among many other tasks carried out by the State, include the data provided by hydrology. Otherwise, the water could affect roads and houses, to mention two possibilities.
There are various branches of knowledge that are associated with hydrology or are even considered one of its branches. The potamology, the oceanography and until meteorology are some of these areas.
The medical hydrologyFinally, it concentrates on the therapeutic use of water. Through jets, mists and other forms of application, it is possible to prevent and treat various disorders of Health.
In recent times, medical hydrology has suffered a sharp decline in credibility from the public, given the lack of support it receives from governments and the scientific community in general. One of the main reasons for this phenomenon is that there are not enough scientific studies that can support the results.
However, this does not mean that medical hydrology is a recent fad without a history; Conversely, the healing properties of water they were discovered by humans a long time ago. For example, we can find in Homer’s stories that the god Mars bathed to cure his wounds. The ancient Egyptians, on the other hand, gave this element a preventive character. Macedonian women submerged themselves in water after giving birth to prevent bleeding.
Another example is found in a book that Euripides wrote two and a half millennia ago, in which he highlighted the healing properties of the sea. In fact, in Hippocratic treaties, around fifty writings attributed to Hippocrates in which the foundations of the medicine, hydrology for therapeutic purposes is present. Pythagoras, for his part, advised his followers to eat a vegetarian diet and bathe in cold water to keep their bodies strong and healthy.
Returning to its application today, medical hydrology pursues the study of different types of waters, such as drinking, marine and mineral-medicinal waters, as well as their effects on our body in reference to health. It considers them a therapeutic agent and for a long time it enjoyed great importance within preventive medicine, care, primary care and rehabilitation, among other fields, for which its defenders consider it a well Social.
Broadly speaking, the field of action of medical hydrology is associated with the following concepts: spas, thalassotherapy centers, climatic stations, hydrotherapy centers, rehabilitation centers and hospitals. It can be used for various purposes, including the treatment of locomotor problems, trauma, rheumatism, and neurological conditions.