Before entering fully into the meaning of the term human geography, we are going to proceed to discover the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Geography, in the first place, comes from the Greek. It is exactly the result of the sum of several components of that language: the noun “gene”, which means “land”; the word “grapho”, which is synonymous with “record” or “write”, and the suffix “-ia”, which is used to indicate relationship.
-Human, secondly, it is a word that has its etymological origin in Latin. Specifically, it emanates from the sum of “humus”, which can be translated as “earth”, and from the suffix “-ana”, which is used to indicate belonging.
The geography is the science that is dedicated to describe planet Earth. Human, meanwhile, is that linked to man as species.
The idea of human geography, in this framework, refers to a branch of geography centered on the study of human communities from a perspective linked to space. In this way, it analyzes how people relate to the physical environment in which they reside.
Every society develops its environment from transformation of the surface and its social structures according to their interests and needs. Political, economic and cultural processes, for example, influence these modifications. Human geography is specifically dedicated to studying the geographic systems that arise from the relationship between individuals and the physical space they inhabit.
It is often said that human geography is responsible for describing the human landscapes scientifically. For this, perform a analysis of the population distribution on the planet’s surface, which is uneven and has effects of all kinds (economic, demographic, etc.). It cannot be ignored that the physical environment offers specific resources and that the distribution of Humans in the middle it is related to the possibility of accessing these resources.
It should be noted that human geography intersects with other geographic branches, such as the economic geography, the political geography and the cultural geography, among many others. All of them, together, allow us to know the interactions between the human being and his physical environment, which influences economic activity, urbanization and political organization, in addition to other issues.
In addition, from all the above, we cannot ignore the existence of a literary work that bears the term in question in its title and that is written by one of the most important Spanish authors of recent decades. We are referring to the novel “Atlas of human geography”, which is made by the Madrid writer Almudena Grandes.
It was in 1998 that this book was published, which revolves around four women (Rosa, Fran, Marisa and Ana) who work together in a publishing house, specifically carrying out the preparation of a world atlas. Women who are very different from each other and who have different personal experiences, which will gradually become known to the reader.