The etymology of the term holiday refers us to language Latin, more precisely to the word assuētus. The notion is used to refer to the temporary suspension of work obligations, study or other daily activities to dedicate time to rest or leisure.
For example: “Tomorrow the railway workers will have a holiday and, therefore, the train will not work”, “The government municipal decreed administrative leave for December 31 “, “On the occasion of the celebration of the bicentennial of independence, next week there will be two days of national holiday”.
Holidays are non-working days that the authorities usually establish in the face of some special circumstance. Many times the declaration of the festive day is applied to a single sector: thus, in the Banker’s Day, workers who work in a Bank they do not go to their places of work as they have a holiday. The rest of the workers, on the other hand, must fulfill their obligations as always.
The holiday can also be longer. On the eve of certain festivals, such as the Dec. 24 (eve of Christmas) and the December 31st (eve of New Year), public employees often have a holiday so that they can dedicate themselves to the usual preparations for these celebrations. The rulers, in these cases, can suggest to the private sector to do the same and grant their employees leave.
When the holiday is defined according to geographical issues, it can be spoken of municipal holiday, provincial holiday, holiday national, etc.: “Tomorrow’s holiday will be provincial, it does not cover the entire country”.
It is important to note that the holiday does not respond to natural catastrophes or force majeure reasons, such as a national tragedy, but rather the reason is usually the celebration of a highly relevant local party or the commemoration of some historical fact that deserves to be remembered without the interference of daily activities.
As a result of the location of the holidays in the calendar, many times the need arises to make a decision to accommodate it to the rhythm of life of society and ensure that it provides the greatest possible rest. One of the classic measures consists of moving the holidays towards Mondays or Fridays, according to their proximity to each of them, to extend the end of week.
On the other hand, there is also the so-called bridge, which is achieved when holidays are added to extend the cessation of activities from the official day until the weekend. This tactic is very popular in certain countries, often considered “low-working” or “lazy,” so that it is almost impossible to distinguish the holidays themselves from the bridges.
Among the recognized synonyms of the term holiday are the following: party, festivity, vacations, break, recess, rest, stop, laziness, recreation, rest, leisure and fun. In each country, and in turn in each region, these or other words may be used to refer to the period of cessation of work or student activities.
The entertainment industry looks closely at holidays, as they are unique opportunities throughout the year to fuel growth. It is that while most people rest, some must comply with a generally more intense work rate than normal to meet the needs of leisure of the firsts.
Each person takes advantage of their vacation days in a different way. Broadly speaking, we can say that there are two groups with infinite variations, and the factor that divides them is the decision to stay home or go out. Some seek more sleep and appreciate privacy; the others fill the rooms movie theater, bars and public parks.