gentleman is a person from noble and generous spirit. The term is also used to name what belongs to or relative to said person and the individual who belongs to the nobility or to a distinguished class.
The concept, therefore, can be used as a synonym for noble, although it is usually used to name an untitled nobility (such as the aristocracy). At present, however, it is a term that is rarely used, since it is archaic.
For instance: “A young nobleman has rescued His Majesty from enemy hands”, “To what do I owe your visit, gentleman gentleman?”, “The most valuable thing is that we have achieved victory with a gentle and clean method, without resorting to any kind of trickery”.
In the Middle Ages, the nobility it was one Title or privilege. He could distinguish between the blood nobleman (the infanzón or squire who descended from the nobility), the hidalgo of execution (who has proven to be a blood nobleman), the noble nobleman (which had a lot), the four-sided gentleman (which proved that his paternal and maternal grandparents were noblemen), the fly gentleman (who fathered seven male children consecutively) and the hidalgo de gotera (recognized only in a certain town), among other classes.
gentleman it is also a common surname in the Spanish language. Miguel Hidalgo (1753-1811) was one of the illustrious personalities who bore this surname; was a priest considered to be the father of the homeland Mexican for his drive to fight for independence.
As a surname, Hidalgo was adopted in Spain and has a very remote origin; some of the families that took him lived in León, Asturias and Galicia. It is known that some of its houses were directly related to the fight against the Moors during the Reconquest; the history He says that among the most courageous combatants of the taking of Granada there were many with the surname Hidalgo.
The Tierra de Limia, in Galicia, was one of the locations where many Hidalgos settled, and there their knights repeatedly fought against the Moors. After the taking of Granada, some made this province their new home, which explains why the surname Hidalgo is also found in the history of the region of Andalusia.
With respect to shields of the surname Hidalgo, there are several known designs. In the case of the descendants of Pedro de Hidalgo, it shows a castle, ten heads of Moors that have been cut off and a star; the explanation lies in the story of said squire from Cantabria, included in the book entitled «The castle of Tíscar«, Who took possession of an enemy fortress during the Reconquest and managed to eliminate ten sentries who were guarding one of the towers and whose act of bravery prompted the rest of the soldiers to continue fighting until they were victorious.
Another of the shields consists of a colored background azure (an adjective used to give a name to a type of dark blue widely used in this context) and an eight-pointed star in the center. On the other hand, there are versions that also include an intense red color known in Heraldry by the name of gules, with which a fleur-de-lis and a cross are embroidered on top of it, all over countryside of gold, and others that show an imposing golden lion on a field of azure, framed in a red border with four castles and four golden blades.
The Estad HidalgoFinally, it is one of the 32 states that make up Mexico. East state, whose capital is Pachuca de Soto, it was created in 1869 by Benito Juarez and it has 84 municipalities.