In order to analyze the term hemophilia in greater depth at present, it is necessary that we first establish its etymological origin. Thus, it must be emphasized that it is found in Greek and that it is the result of the union of the following three elements: the word heme which can be translated as “blood”, the word sharp edges which is synonymous with “love or hobby”, and finally the suffix –ia which is equivalent to “quality”.
It is called hemophilia to one disease of a hereditary nature that arises from a failure in the mechanisms that are responsible for coagulate the blood. This deficiency makes bleeding profuse and difficult to stop.
It is believed that the first to notice the existence of bleeding disorders were Jewish rabbis in the 2nd century, upon discovering that, after practicing the circumcision, in some children it was almost impossible to stop the bleeding. The rabbis warned that it was a hereditary deficiency and laid the groundwork for later studies on hemophilia, a term that began to become popular in the late 1920s.
Most often, those with hemophilia are diagnosed early, either in infancy or early childhood. However, many others will not be aware of the problem they have until they do not have to undergo surgery. And it is that before it a complete medical check-up is carried out, which will be the one that will determine the aforementioned pathology.
It should be noted that it is possible to distinguish between type A hemophilia (as defined as one that poses a deficiency in the coagulation factor VIII) and the class B hemophilia (if the problem is detected in the coagulation factor IX). A blood test can detect hemophilia, the type of this disease, and the level of severity based on clotting tests.
Spontaneous prolonged bleeding and hematrosis (an intra-articular bleeding that can generate a deformity) are the main symptoms of hemophilia. This disease is incurable: its treatment it is palliative and tends to stop bleeding by giving the missing clotting factor intravenously.
Thanks to obtaining clotting factors from plasma In humans, survival and quality of life of hemophilia patients were markedly increased.
In addition to all the above, it must be emphasized that a person suffering from this disease, due to the characteristics of said pathology, can never be treated for any health problem by injecting the corresponding treatment intramuscularly, nor can they take acetylsalicylic acid in this case, as stated get to know aspirin more scientifically.
The physiotherapy it is also important during the treatment that is recommended in the case of hemophilia. Minimal risk physical activity helps prevent musculoskeletal injuries and reduces the risk of bleeding.
All over the world there are organizations that protect the rights and interests of hemophiliacs. Thus, for example, in Spain there is the so-called Spanish Federation of Hemophilia that has been operating for four decades. Specifically, it began its journey in 1971 and since then it has worked for the aforementioned objectives and also to publicize the disease.