Hemiparesis is a term that is not part of the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), but which is widely used in the field of medicine. The notion of hemiparesis or hemiparesy to refer to the partial paralysis or to decrease of the force in half face, arm and leg on the same side of the body.
Hemiparesis, therefore, can be associated with hemiplegia, which is the paralysis of an entire side of the body. Both disorders, however, have different severity: while hemiplegia refers to paralysis, in hemiparesis there is a soft spot and not immobility.
There are several causes that can lead to the development of hemiparesis. Injuries to the brain, the brainstem, the cerebellum wave spinal cord can affect the pyramidal system (the nervous tract that connects the cerebral cortex to the medulla) and cause weakness in one half of the body.
There are many symptoms that indicate that a person is suffering from this problem. Specifically, among the most common are migraines, making it difficult to speak or to understand what is being said, complications to be able to maintain balance, problems to differentiate between what is left and right, memory loss …
Occasionally, hemiparesis can occur with other disorders in addition to motor strength weakness. If the affected half is the right, it is likely that there are problems in the speaks.
It should not be overlooked that there are various types of hemiparesis. However, among the most important and common are the following:
• Pure hemiparesis, which usually occurs as a result of a pontine-type lesion.
• Right Lateral Hemiparesis. This is a pathology that affects what is the left hemisphere of the brain and that translates into the person in question having their mobility in the right area of the body affected.
• Left Lateral Hemiparesis, which is identified as having damaged the right hemisphere of the brain and which results in mobility and weakness consequences in the left part of the body.
• Infantile hemiparesis. There are numerous cases that exist in the world of this type of hemiparesis that, as its name suggests, affects children who see how they have movement difficulties in some part of their body. A brain injury is usually the main cause of this pathology in children that requires an early diagnosis so that those affected can quickly undergo treatment. This will be based on physiotherapy exercises and on psychomotor “games”, stimulation and even imagination to minimize the effects.
Treatment of hemiparesis usually develops through physiotherapy. The intention is that the person I was able to reincorporate the arm and leg of the affected half within its normal motor skills, although full recovery is very difficult except in a mild case. The physiotherapy aims to regain muscle tone and motor coordination.