The concept of hematoma describes a mark that appears on some part of the human body as a result of a accumulation of blood fluid caused by damage that has broken a capillary vessel. It is a bodily reaction to hits or to a bruise that may turn the affected area purplish or bluish.
The hematoma, also known by the names of bruise, bruise or cardinal, constitutes a ecchymosis. This type of spots can appear on the skin or in the internal organs of the body for multiple causes. When pigments and cells move through the connective tissue, the hematoma can change its position. To cite a specific case as an example, a bruise on a knuckle can move to cover the entire finger within a few days.
Hematomas can be classified into three large groups: subcutaneous (they are the mildest: they are under the skin), intramuscular (appear in the protruding area of a muscle and can affect internal organs) or periosteal (They occur when the contusion affects a bone).
The process until the appearance of a bruise detectable by the naked eye begins at the moment of the blow and can be expected from pain immediately felt in the affected area. In a short time there is an inflammation that later decreases naturally. Finally, the area involved changes color and goes through various states (pinkish, bluish, greenish-yellow) until it returns to its usual pigmentation.
There are several ointments of app external that allow the treatment of bruises. The use of ice on the affected area is another option during the first days. If the pain is intense, the consumption of some analgesic can offer very positive results.
Intrauterine bruising during pregnancy
It is very common for a woman to experience loss of blood during the first trimester of pregnancy; The causes can be problems of various importance, one of the most frequent being intrauterine hematomas. These are also known by the name of interdeciduotrophoblastics and they take place when small collections of blood are generated within the endometrial cavity.
Although they tend to occur in many cases, the reasons why they originate are unknown. Generally, they do not involve pain in the abdomen; blood loss, which does not always occur, is not the same in all cases and a blood loss is recommended consultation medical as soon as it is detected. In fact, when such a hematoma is discovered, pregnancy is considered high-risk and receives an exhaustive periodic observation to analyze its evolution.
Fortunately, intrauterine hematomas do not interrupt pregnancy, and they are usually resorbed and disappear spontaneously. if adequate rest is performed. Depending on the size, the time required for its removal and bleeding may vary. Its detection can be carried out by means of an ultrasound of control and its volume is calculated by multiplying its extension by its width.
Depending on their location, intrauterine hematomas can be called retroplacental, marginal, subchorionic (or retrochorionic) or supracervical, and present a cuneiform or crescent-like appearance. If they are large and their location is compromised, they are usually associated with complications such as premature rupture of the bag or a placental abruption, issues that can become a abortion or in an early delivery, in the case of advanced gestations.
As well as in other types of disorders, absolute rest is one of the most common indications that doctors usually give. However, in practice, it is almost impossible for a working-class woman to follow, especially considering that it is a problem present in the first months of pregnancy, when it is still not easy to miss work.