Free is a term that comes from French free, in turn derived from a word from medieval Latin. Gratuity refers to the condition of gratuitous (of funny or lacking foundation).
The most common use of the concept is found in the economy. In this context, it refers to the gratuitousness of a service or a good when they are dispensed without the beneficiary making a consideration.
Gratuity, therefore, supposes that the service or the good priceless, and therefore the beneficiary don’t pay for it (does not deliver money In return). In any case, it is important to note that there is no service or good that is socially free.
All services and products have a production cost and they carry an externality (the costs and benefits of their production and / or consumption that are not reflected in the price). So that the beneficiary does not pay for what is granted free of charge, someone has to previously assume the costs.
If the good in question does not really cost anyone, it is not a economic good. In that case it would be necessary to speak of a well free, which lacks price and owner. The wind, for example, it is a free good, not an economic good that is given freely.
Beyond all that has been said, in colloquial language gratuity is usually linked to no payment by the consumer or user. Between 2009 and 2017, to cite one case, the Argentine State developed a program known as Soccer For All. Many argued that this measure guaranteed the free broadcasts of the matches of soccer of the First Division, since the viewers they did not have to pay to access such content. However, others warned that the state assumed the costs (paying fees, financing technical operations, etc.) and that citizens, in turn, financed the State through the payment of taxes. That is why they affirmed that such gratuity did not exist.
In the field of developing of softwareFor example, the industry has undergone a significant change from its beginnings to the beginning of the second millennium with respect to the price of its products, starting from figures accessible to a few to reaching free as the key to the mass distribution of a basic package that it can then be completed through small payments for specific features or add-ons.
We are in an era in which free is practically a condition for the consumption of programs and video games by a large portion of consumers. East phenomenon This is especially true in the mobile market: a large percentage of mobile phone users claim that the products downloadable through the virtual store are free or that they cost very little money. On the other hand, in the field of computing and traditional video games, both for computer and console, prices are very high and this does not prevent these markets from proliferating.
Perhaps the problem begins when people associate the concepts of gratuity and justice, because they seem to ignore the economic and energy investment involved in creating your favorite products. The piracy It is one of the most regrettable phenomena, affecting the film industry as well as that of music, literature and video games. Far from being a crime committed in the shadows, millions of people practice it and defend it with pride, claiming that they do not consider it fair to have to pay to see a movie. This nonsense is sustained in part because certain companies fear to charge for their products and services, or to offer them at considerably low prices.