The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) does not include the term graphoscopy in your dictionary. The concept, however, is often used to name the discipline that analyze handwriting from techniques that are based on the observation of morphological, structural and other characteristics.
For graphoscopy, it is possible identify the authorship of a manuscript by the dimension, pressure, inclination, links and variety of shapes of the writing. This means that no two people write in the same way.
The graphoscopic method part of the study of two manuscripts to determine if the authorship is the same. There are multiple details that allow the comparative analysis, such as spontaneous and automatic graphic movements that cannot be executed by different individuals.
Within the framework of your job, graphoscopy performs a macroscopic study of the manuscripts and uses optical instruments to develop its analysis, assessing the differences and similarities found. The fruit of this activity is a conclusion that must be concrete and clear.
Graphoscopy, in short, can determine the authenticity or falsity of the origin of a manuscript or signature. That is why a graphoscopy expert can discover if a text is false or if there is a forged signature on a document, for instance.
Within the framework of criminology, graphoscopy is one of the most important disciplines, since it often offers the key data to solve a case. Forging signatures is a crime as old as writing itself, and this also means that those who practice it inherit many years of experience from those who preceded them in the art of impersonating others. In short, recognizing an apocryphal signature (feigned, false, lacking in authenticity, whose authorship has not been attributed to the correct person) is not an easy task.
Another of the crimes in which graphoscopy offers a decisive service when it comes to finding the culprit is kidnapping. While the most obvious action is the deprivation of liberty of the victim, there are others that complement it, such as telephone calls to the family and the so-called kidnapping notes. If they have been handwritten, which is not always the case, graphoscopy experts can help the police find the abductor.
The notes of suicide False are also common currency in criminology, and graphoscopy holds the key to uncovering their lack of authenticity. Pretending a suicide – your own or that of a third party – can have different purposes, which in general are related to the collection of some amount of money or the inheritance of some real property. Therefore, the authorities cannot assume that a farewell message is reliable if they do not find the body of the individual, but must begin an investigation before granting credibility to the case.
According to experts in graphoscopy, given that our writing is influenced by a large number of emotional, psychological and physiological aspects, no one is able to simulate someone else’s writing with more than 50 percent accuracy.
Graphoscopy is often confused with graphology or with the calligraphy. Graphology analyzes writing to access certain features of its author’s psychology; calligraphy is an art that consists of writing with a certain aesthetic intention. What graphology does is not study the writing to know the psychic condition of the author or to determine if it meets style criteria, but its analysis is oriented to determine if a specific individual wrote, or not, something.