The term gramophone it derivates from Gramophone, a registered trademark. A gramophone is a device that can play the sounds recorded on a disk that turns.
This instrument was the first to appeal to a flat disc to record and play the sound. Before its invention, the most widely used system was the phonograph, which used a cylinder.
Since the end of XIX century until the middle of the decade 1950, the gramophone enjoyed great popularity. From the years ‘fifty, the use of turntable with discs of vinyl.
The German-American Emile berliner (1851-1929) is noted as the inventor of the gramophone, based on the previous development of the phonograph by Thomas alva edison. The gramophone not only had the main features of the phonograph, but perfected them and allowed the massive duplication of the records starting from the same mold.
Precisely, the phonograph was the first device that offered the user the possibility of recording sounds, but it had too many limitations. For this reason, from the present it is absolutely understandable that sooner or later someone would venture to improve their design to expand its functionality.
Perhaps the worst of these limitations was the impossibility of producing many copies of the same recording; Although today it may seem impossible to believe, the musicians who recorded their works through a phonograph had to interpret the works many times to get the copies published. Since the gramophone left behind this annoying barrier to diffusion of music, it is not surprising how successful it was at the time.
Other advantages of the gramophone over its predecessor were its lower production cost and a much less complex mechanism to use. Music has accompanied us since time immemorial, at first to enliven our work and later to accompany us at all times, from the time when we had to perform it ourselves until the mass of devices laptops like walkman and the player MP3, including the phonograph and gramophone, of course, which offered people the magical ability to listen to their favorite artists in the comfort of home.
Gramophones have a Spinning plate that makes the disk spin. A needle passes through the grooves of the moving disc and produces the vibrations that are captured by tablets. These pickups, in turn, convert the vibrations into electrical impulses that can be amplified and projected. The part of the gramophone that holds the stylus and pickups in place while the record is spinning is the arm.
In the first gramophones, the user himself had to operate a crank to rotate the turntable with the record. An automated system was then created to provide Energy stable and continuous to the plate.
This advance to level technological it came about thanks to the natural competition that arose between the phonograph and the gramophone. As with computers, televisions, and mobile phones today, to name just a few of the most popular gadgets on the market, the inventors of each device tried to outperform its opponent. This led to her appearing on the scene Eldridge R. Johnson, who managed to automate the operation of the gramophone, a considerable improvement. Of course, Edison did not lower his arms, but added wax cylinders to the phonograph and allowed the recordings to reach four minutes in length.
The gramophone, in short, is part of the era of mechanical or acoustic recording sound. Then, with the record player, the electrical recording. The evolution continued with the magnetic recording (the cassette) and the digital recording (compact disc, MP3, etc.).