From Latin gothicus, Gothic is an adjective that refers to that belonging to or relating to goths. This was a village that was behind the eastern border of the Roman empire and that was part of the group that the Romans called as barbarians.
This word was coined by the Florence writer, Vasari, who in a biography of Tuscan painters included a section on the art of painting. Middle Ages. From then on, the term was used in a pejorative way to refer to pre-Renaissance architecture, which was characterized by presenting disorderly and “unworthy” elements, in absolute contrast to classical architecture, endowed with rationality and meaning. In architecture, the Gothic had different names such as opus francigenum (French style) or final Gothic, as those constructions in the Elizabethan or Plateresque style were called in Spain.
At the moment it is known like Gothic the art developed in Europe between XII century and the Renaissance. This artistic style has several similarities with its predecessor (the Romanesque), such as the predominance of the religious and a timeless conception of the works. In any case, Gothic art proposed very bright cathedrals, unlike the dark Romanesque churches.
The conception of Gothic, however, varied with the time. With the revitalization of the medievalism which took place during the Romantic period, the Gothic came to be associated with the morbid and the Sinister.
Currently, there is a gothic subculture which gained great momentum from the end of the ’70 at United Kingdom and that soon spread throughout the world. The literature and the movies of terror are its main influences, which are reflected in the clothing (linked to the time of Renaissance), hairstyles, makeup and even musical taste.
Gothic is a notion associated with darkness or with dark music. Those who feel identified with this movement are usually androgynous: men and women apply makeup alike, highlighting the paleness on their faces and using black polish on their nails. The black It is also the favorite color in the clothing.
As far as literature is concerned, it is known as Gothic narrative to the literary genre where terror and darkness intermingle. The first novel of this genre is believed to have been Horace Walpole’s “The Castle of Otranto”, first published in the mid-18th century. From then on, there were many authors who joined this style making their contributions to the growth of the genre.
It is important, however, to point out that today there are many variants within terror and that not all stories belong to the gothic genre. There is, for example, a line that directs popular narrative and ghost stories that completely departs from the foundations of Gothic narrative.
Having said this, it should be added that the Gothic narrative is fundamentally characterized by a exquisite description of the environments, using old terms that allow us to experience a sinister and mysterious reading; these novels generally have elements of the occult and the black arts. In this way, despite the fact that some specialists define the Gothic novel as a synonym for crime novel, there are differences between them that can be reached from reading and the real knowledge of each gender.
In the romantic setting From the Gothic novel, gloomy landscapes, gloom, ruins from medieval times, cellars and passageways under castles, convictions and torture are commonly present.
Besides, the plot It usually takes place in an old monastery or castle, where the architectural element is fundamental and collaborates with the enrichment of the plot. There is an atmosphere of mystery and there is a prophecy that marks the course of events in an almost supernatural way. In addition, the characters are driven by strong passions that lead them to commit acts that they do not even want and their moods are usually represented by the climatic changes of the environment.