The notion of gladiator comes from the word gladiātor, a Latin term that in turn has its etymological origin in the Celtic language. Gladiator was called the individual who, within the framework of a Roman circus, faced other fighters or even animals fierce.
At the time of Roman empire, the circus was a place for the entertainment of the village. In it theatrical performances were developed, races were held and different kinds of shows were mounted.
In this context, gladiators were fighters who fought violently to amuse the public. They were usually prisoners of war, slaves or convicted criminalsalthough there were also some free men among them.
Gladiators could fight each other or against beasts. They were trained in special schools and wore a helmet, shield and sword. At first, gladiators developed their action for ritual purposes, although they later became individuals dedicated to the entertainment of the people, even at the cost of their lives.
According to historians, it was unusual for a gladiator to die in these battles. In any case, in some historical periods the public or the emperor decided on the fate of the loser, being able to decree that he was assassinated in the middle of the Roman circus.
In 2014, a scientific study revealed that Roman gladiators were they fed Mainly based on vegetables, among which grains, barley and wheat stood out. In other words, to stay in shape and achieve that spectacular performance that made them the protagonists of countless fictional stories, gladiators had a practically vegetarian diet.
This revealing data was obtained by a group of scientists made up of academics from the University of Bern, in Switzerland, and the Vienna Medical University, in Austria. For this they took advantage of the remains of twenty-two gladiators that they had found in a Turkish cemetery. The amount of meat that, according to these specialists, the ancient Roman fighters ingested was negligible compared to that of products vegetables.
As if this data were not sufficiently revealing for our current societies, which celebrate the consumption of meat and other products of animal origin as the basis of well-being and developing muscular, the researchers also discovered that the gladiators supplemented their diet with a drink made from plant ash. It was a kind of tonic that helped them recover after a fierce confrontation or prepare for training.
Apparently the ashes of plants that the gladiators consumed helped them to strengthen their body after hard exercise routines and also collaborated with the repair of bones that had been damaged. According to the statements of Fabian kanz, a forensic doctor at the University of Vienna, these effects can be compared to those provided by current magnesium and calcium tablets.
Ultimately, gladiators are among the characters of the past that we associate with virility, extreme physical stamina and bravery, but a scientific study revealed that their diet It has nothing to do with the one we would award to a hero today: where is the chicken, where is the hard-boiled egg or cow’s milk? Instead, legumes, greens, and a plant ash drink.
“Gladiator”, on the other hand, is the title in Spanish of a famous film who directed Ridley scott and featured performances by Russel crowe Y Joaquin phoenix. In this film, titled “Gladiator” in its original language, the protagonist is Maximum Tenth Meridio, an army general who is betrayed by the emperor’s son and turned into a slave, a condition under which he succeeds as a gladiator.