In order to know the meaning of the term geyser, it is necessary, first of all, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can establish that it is a word that derives from Icelandic, specifically from “geysir”. A noun this that, in turn, emanates from the German, exactly from “geysa”, which can be translated as “jet” or “torrent”.
This is what a hot spring from which, periodically, steam and hot water emanate.
It is estimated that there are approximately one thousand geysers around the world. For these structures to emerge, certain specific hydrogeological conditions must exist. The geyser activity occurs from the contact of the Water with rocks that are heated by the magma Underground.
The geyser is an opening in the surface that is connected via natural conduits with underground water reserves. As the geyser fills, the surface water cools little by little, but not the water in the reservoir. In this way, the hot water exerts Pressure over the surface water, heating it as well. When the boiling point of the water is reached at the bottom of the geyser, the steam rises, causing the water to overflow. The pressure, meanwhile, causes a violent eruption to be generated.
Once the geyser entered eruption, the water that remains in the geyser cools down. The hot water expelled, meanwhile, seeps through the pores and fractures in the rock and the cycle begins again.
In addition to everything indicated, we cannot forget either the existence of two types of geysers fundamentally:
-The cone geysers, which receive this name because, precisely, what come to “erupt” are cones of silicon agglomerates.
-The fountain geysers, which are called that because, in their case, what they do is “erupt” ponds of water that appear quite violently.
The first known geyser is called Geysir and it is in Iceland. The term geyser, in fact, is linked to this hot spring, in turn named after an Icelandic word that refers to an eruption. Geysir can expel water about 80 meters from height.
The place with the highest concentration of geysers is the Yellowstone national park, in United States. Geyser Old Faithful is the most famous of the region, erupting about five minutes per hour.
However, there are many other corners of the world that are also known for the amount and variety of geysers they have. Among those mentioned enclaves we can highlight the Kronotski Nature Reserve, which is located in Russia; El Tatio, located in Chile; the volcanic area of Taupo, which is in New Zealand; the Haukadalur, which is located in Iceland or the Copahue volcano, which is in Chile.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that the word that occupies us in capital letters, GEISER, gives shape to the acronym of Integrated Management of Registry Services, which works as a “Cloud” and is used by public bodies in Spain, within what is the Ministry of Territorial Policy and Public Function.