The first thing we are going to do is make known that gerund is a word that derives from Latin, specifically emanates from “gerundum”, which can be translated as “what must be carried out” and that, in turn, comes from “gerere “, Which means” to carry out. “
This term is used in the field of grammar to name one impersonal form of the verb which, in our language, ends in -ing.
Gerunds, depending on the context, can produce a verbal periphrase or acquire the character of adverb. Verb periphrasis is a predicative unit that is formed by a personal auxiliary verb joined to a non-personal auxiliary verb. For instance: “Grandpa is eating”, “I have been thinking about the subject”.
An adverb, meanwhile, is a word with tonic and invariable elements that usually have lexical meaning and that can modify the meaning of other words. The gerund with adverbial character refers to Actions that developed during or before the action of the other verb: “Manuel entertains himself by playing with his dolls” (“Entertain yourself” and “play” develop simultaneously), “Trying hard, my daughter bought a house” (first I know “Strove” and later “I buy”).
It can be said that one gerund gets its personal and temporal reference from the other verb with which it appears. When the gerund is created by the gerund of to have and the participle of another verb that is conjugated, it is spoken of compound gerund: “Having signed the contract, we shouldn’t have any inconvenience” (“Having signed” is a compound gerund).
When using the gerund, it is necessary to take into account a series of basic rules, among which we can highlight the following:
-The action indicated by the gerund must be simultaneous or prior to that of the main verb.
-No less relevant is that, in most cases, the subject of the gerund must match the subject of the main sentence.
-Under no circumstances can you use what is the gerund to qualify a noun.
-The function of the gerund must always be to act as a circumstantial complement. That is, it has to be understood as a circumstance of the main verb.
In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of a book whose title is precisely “Gerund”. It is a work by the writer Fernando J. Gutiérrez, which was published in 2014 and is a collection of poems that are presented with a remarkable singularity that make them “break the mold” with respect to what is the classic norms of that literary genre. It is a work where, among other things, a lot is committed to giving relevance to the paradox.
The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), on the other hand, recognizes in its dictionary the colloquial expression “What is gerund”, used in Spain to encourage someone to immediately do what the previous verb expresses in the form of a gerund: “Clarifying, which is a gerund: tell me exactly what your mother has told you about me”.