The geohistory is the field of study that links geography and the history. It is a discipline devised by the French historian Fernand braudel (1902-1985), who considered not only the effect of geography on history, but also the consequences of the economy on it.
Due to its characteristics, geohistory is considered a auxiliary discipline of history. Its purpose is to analyze the dynamics between societies from other times and the geographic structures in which they developed. According to geohistory, geography does not determine the characteristics of societies, but it does influence their culture and technology, for example.
To understand the past social behaviorsTherefore, it is important to have knowledge about geography. From economic activities to customs, passing through rituals and leisure, many issues are related to the characteristics of the terrain.
According to geohistory, in short, history is always connected with the space (that is, with geography). Each of the historical events had a specific geographic location, with actors who interacted in some way with the spatial elements.
Historical methods and geographical methods merge in this highly useful scientific discipline for the study of the regional history. In geohistory, the specialist approaches past events to understand them in their framework spatial and temporal.
While geohistory aims at objectivity and scientific knowledge, the geopolitics intends to interpret the last (historical and geographical) with the intention of justifying current events and situations.
As mentioned in the first paragraph, the founder of historical science that we know by the name of geohistory was Fernand braudel. He was born in 1902 in Luméville-en-Ornois, France, and devoted himself to the study of history. Through his work, he revolutionized the historiography of his time, since he was the first to take into account the effects that geography and economics caused in history.
Historiography is the science that focuses on the study of history, as well as the art to write or describe it. The nature of this discipline is often debated because some consider it an art: on the one hand there are those who reject its artistic character, but there are also defenders of a vision that does not take science and art as things. incompatible but considers them complementary.
Braudel spent his childhood in the rural house of his paternal grandmother, and that marked him in a very particular way. He never denied his originsRather, he described himself as “a peasant historian,” and it was thanks to his exposure to the way of life in the countryside that he came closer to the customs of those people so important to the development of a country. His experience throughout those years was key to understanding that there is an unbreakable link between geography, history and economics.
Although it is not the only one, geohistory is a science that is present in our day-to-day lives beyond our technical knowledge: we know that fish predominates in the Japanese and Mediterranean diet, just as we comment on the production of soy from Argentina, and we are not always aware that these are not arbitrary aspects of its economy, isolated from its history, but are intimately linked to it and, of course, to its geography. It is precisely because of its Location on the planet, due to the characteristics of its climate and soil, as well as its proximity to the ocean that these peoples were inclined towards one or another activity.