The concept of generalization refers to act and result of generalizing. East verb (generalize), in turn, makes mention of the abstraction of what is common to various things for the development of a general concept; to the broad treatment of a question; or to communicate or disseminate something publicly.
Generalization can be understood in different ways. When all properties from B are present in TO, but there are properties of TO that are not in B, People say that TO is a generalization of B. The same happens if B constitutes a specialization or specificity of TO.
Take the case of jasmine and the plants. Due to their characteristics, all jasmine are plants, although not all plants are jasmine. A jasmine, therefore, is a specific plant. Following this reasoning, it is possible to affirm that plant is a generalization of jasmine.
The generalization may consist of attribute certain traits detected in several elements to all or most of the elements of the same type. Suppose a television report emphasizes different crimes committed by immigrants in a country. Considering these facts, many viewers make a generalization and begin to affirm that a large part of the immigrants are criminals. This generalization, however, is unfair and fallacious, since statistics indicate that the percentage of immigrants who commit crimes is very low, both with respect to the total number of immigrants and the total number of crimes.
When something is generalized, finally, it becomes massive. The generalization of payments through InternetFor example, it favored the development of distance commerce: more and more people buy products on the Web, paying for them instantly without traveling or using physical money, and receiving the purchase directly at their home.
In this case, we could say that the term generalization is used as a synonym for overcrowding. These two concepts are very frequent in the news of recent times, since the world has gone through a series of phenomena that in a matter of a couple of decades have brought down cultural borders to allow us to access products and content from almost all countries without the need to travel. Interestingly, this has not ended racism or patriotism.
Here we can establish a comparison between this meaning and the one set out a few paragraphs ago. By the beginning of the third millennium, payments through catwalks Virtual, like being PayPal, really became very common; that is why we can say that they were generalized, that in general they are done in this way. It is not an estimate, but a statement that is supported by statistical data and that, worth the clarification, does not have any negative or positive nuance, but merely factual: it is a fact.
When it is said that “all the people of a certain province are stingy” or that “all immigrants commit crimes”, common sense is enough to understand that it is unreal data, but it is necessary to analyze their origin to combat this type of crime. discrimination, as unfair as any other. A generalization, in this case, is not the fact that a thing becomes general, but an incorrect and imprecise assumption that does not even require support in real data because it can arise spontaneously because of personal biases.
In this framework, they often recommend that we not generalize, warning us of the mistakes which we may incur in doing so. In addition to the harm we can cause to others if we spread lies about them, we can also harm ourselves by missing opportunities because we believe that they are not convenient for us, simply based on some generalization.