With origin in Latin genus / generis, the notion of gender it has a multiplicity of uses and applications depending on the field in which the word is used. Here are some of the definitions it has.
In the field of commerce, gender can be synonymous with commodity (the product that is offered for sale), tissue or cloth. It is said for example: “We have no more genres to offer”, «We work with silk and linen fabrics in the manufacture of our shirts» or “The design is beautiful, but the quality of the genre leaves much to be desired”.
On a scientific level, gender indicates one of the forms of grouping of living beings, according to those characteristics that several of them can share with each other. For the biology, for example, gender is a taxon that allows species to be grouped. Thus we can say that the dog is an animal that belongs to the genus Canis, which can also include wolves, coyotes and other species. While in the sociology and other social sciences, gender is linked to sexuality and the values and behaviors that are attributed according to sex.
In the Arts, the genre is a category or classification that is used to organize the works according to their formal characteristics or their contents.
With regard to the literary world, the term genre serves to differentiate between works of different characteristics. It is important first of all, to emphasize that the definition of literary genre is related to the characteristics rhetorical and semiotic that makes certain texts are located in the same set.
Although a long time has passed, literary discourse is divided into the same three clear genres that Aristotle defined in Classical Greece (lyrical, narrative and dramatic). Each of them denotes three aesthetic ways in which human beings relate to the world; and as with the passage of time other forms of expression have emerged that are not so closely linked to this classification, it is that subgenres have been created, which allow to establish greater clarity in the differences between texts of a diverse nature.
The lyric It is the literary genre that is closest to emotions, allowing feelings to be expressed almost directly. The poetry It is within this genre and allows the author to reflect his feelings, it is written in the form of a verse and one of its fundamental elements is rhythm.
Some of the subgenres that are included in the lyric are eclogue (representation of a country-type image, where the subject of communication between man and nature is discussed), the elegy (poems that touch the theme of death), ode (mostly loving praises, sung poetry), the satire (ridiculing certain defects of people, society or religion, for example), among others.
The gender narrative It includes those works where stories written in prose form are told and that have a certain characteristic, in terms of who tells the story and how it develops.
In a narrative work there may be several types of narrator. Third person: can be omniscient (He has full knowledge of the facts and the reasoning of all the characters. He does not participate in the story, he simply narrates it) u observer (He tells what he sees, as if it were a camera that captures the environment and details what happens in a given space). In the first person: it can be protagonist (in the case of an autobiography, whether real or fictional) or secondary (He has witnessed the development of events, is a witness to what is told in the story and interacts with some or all of the characters in it). In the second person the narrator speaks using the second person singular (he tells the story to himself or to some other self of his personality).
On the other hand, the structure of a narrative text may vary but generally respects the following aspects. Presentation or start (where the beginning of the story is stated, the characters are described, etc.), development or knot (a conflict of course it must be resolved) end or denouement (solution of the conflict and closure of the story).
Some examples of this type is the story (short narration that in some cases can leave a teaching), the novel (various stories told through a thread that can hold them together) and epic storytelling (written in verse or prose where a story is told with real characters whose story may or may not be real. Example: Poema de Mío Cid).
The third genre, the dramatic It is characterized by being a story where there is no narrator, but has been written to be represented in front of an audience. These works are mainly written in an appellative and expressive way.
Some of the subgenres within the drama are the comedy (life experiences from a comic point of view and with a happy ending) and the tragedy (extremely complicated conflicts between different individuals, where he tries to captivate the viewer and provoke feelings of compassion, sadness and understanding).
Just as it happens in literature, in cinema, films They are usually divided into genres such as comedy, action, drama or suspense, which allows viewers to know what the characteristics or style of the proposals will be even before they see them. For example, it is expected that a film of the horror genre seeks to shock and frighten the public with dark images that generate the production of adrenaline and awaken certain instincts in the viewers; When a film that is within this genre does not achieve these ends, it is said that it does not meet the needs of the genre.