Derived from the English word gasoline, the term gasoline refers to a hydrocarbon mixture obtained from the distillation of Raw oil. Gasoline is used as fuel on various engines.
The Petroleum it is a natural fluid that comes from geological beds. It is made up of various hydrocarbons: compounds that result from the combination of hydrogen and carbon. When oil is subjected to a process of fractional distillation, various products are obtained: among them, gasoline.
On countries What Argentina, Uruguay Y Paraguay, gasoline is known as naphtha, which is actually one of the compounds in gasoline. Similarly, to gasoline in chili it is called benzine (another fraction of oil).
Gasoline, naphtha or benzine is used in internal combustion engines. Most cars and motorcycles need gasoline to run their engines: these vehicles They cannot run on gasoline without this fuel.
The octane, octane rating or octane number It is a scale that refers to the temperature and pressure to which gasoline can be subjected before detonating when compressed in the engine cylinder. The higher the compression ratio, the more efficient the engine. The gasoline with the highest octane, therefore, is the best quality.
There are several issues that the driver of a vehicle can take into account to reduce gas consumption. Control the Pressure tires, avoiding sudden acceleration and braking, and driving at no more than 100 kilometers per hour are actions that help to save fuel.
Returning to the etymology of the word gasoline, we should point out that the English language dictionary published by Oxford cites the North American version from the year 1863. It is believed that its origin is found in some registered trademark of lamps of oil, such as “Gazeline” and “Cazeline”, since their pronunciation is quite close to that of gasoline«.
By 1859, oil production was already reaching very high levels in Pennsylvania. Back then, the British writer John cassell He spoke of a “wonderful” product that would soon arrive in London through importation, and which should also bear a “wonderful” name, such as “Cazeline” (which he devised based on his own surname). Three years later he published the patent for lamps of oil under this brand, and in a short time it became the main distributor in England and Ireland.
While his business had started strong, the presence of a vendor in Dublin who counterfeited the lamps had a negative impact on him. At Cassell’s accusation, the other changed the initial of the brand false and thus “Gazeline” was born. This led to a legal dispute that Cassell won in 1865, which allowed him to continue using his name until 1924. Interestingly, in 1863, a newspaper in Great Britain spoke of “gasolene,” and some time later the Americans coined ” gasoline ‘, although it is not known in which country the concept first arose and in which direction it traveled.
Regardless of the word we use to refer to gasoline, the important thing is that combustion engines have existed since the end of the 19th century in Germany, where a fuel was manufactured from the coke gas (a predecessor of natural gas, which is achieved by mixing fuel gases). Various technological advances were necessary, both in the design of the carburettors and in the mixtures of chemical products to find safer cars and less volatile gasoline, without neglecting their impact on the fuel economy. environment.