The etymology from jointer takes us to the Occitan language, more precisely to the word garlopo. The term is used to refer to a brush that is used for smooth a wooden surface that was previously brushed.

There are two main types of garlopa. The manual grapple requires the user to apply a strength to move the tool on the wood, while the mechanical grapple It is a machine that has a rotating drum.


The scraper allows you to smooth a wooden surface.

Characteristics of the garlopa

The grapple allows you to craft the wood. It is a kind of box that is flat in its lower area and whose height decreases towards the ends.

Reaching the back of the claw, the fist appears, which makes it possible to press the utensil to propel it. In the middle, meanwhile, is the port where the wedge and the iron: this opening is wide at the top, while at the bottom it ends in a groove. Iron, on the other hand, has two sheets, rests on an inclined surface and is wedged to the port.

Using the tool

Thanks to the garlopa it is possible brush, trim, level or rectify the surface From the wood. The wood in question needs to be dry for the grapple to function properly.

To use the tool, the wood must be fixed on the work table and then the clamp must be pushed over it. The edge of the leaf it has to point in the same direction in which the movement is made.

It is important to regulate the depth of cut with precision. If a pass is made too deep, the grapple can dig into the wood. Also, the blade will dull faster than creeping.


There are different types of garlopa.

Classes of garlopas

Among the manual clamps there are several variants. The semigarlopa, for example, removes coarse chips.

The counterfiber brush, the grooving, the garlopin and the miter claw are other kinds of garlopas, each one destined for a task specific.

For the use of this type of device it is suggested to use glasses as chips and shavings can come off. The glovesInstead, they are not recommended because they can make pressure control difficult.

Differences with the guillame

At this point it is important to refer to the fillister. Garlopa and guillame are often used synonymously, although the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) identifies differences between the two concepts.

The guillame, according to the RAE, it’s a brush which is used to specify the recesses that cannot be made with the grapple. This means that the work that these tools do is different.

The mechanical grapple

In the case of mechanical grapple, has at least two blades that are installed on a drum located between two plateaus. This cylindrical drum rotates at high speed in the same clockwise direction.

It is essential that the mechanical grapple blades are properly screwed to the drum. Otherwise, the centrifugal force that occurs with the turn the machine may eject them.