GallowsThe Latin word patibulum derived, in our tongue, on gallows. The concept allows naming the site where a specific execution. The gallows, also known as the scaffold, is usually a structure with a platform where a person condemned to capital punishment.

The design of the gallows is associated with an ancient tradition of executing the condemned in a public plaza. In this way, the condemned man went up to the gallows and was assassinated before the eyes of the people, an action that sought to have an exemplary effect.

One of the most frequent methods of execution was the Gallow. On the gallows, a kind of arch was installed (with three poles: two stuck in the surface and the rest arranged horizontally, uniting them) with a rope from which the person who was going to be executed was hung, who died by hanging.

On the gallows there could also be a guillotine, a machine with a blade that fell heavily speed and that it allowed the person to be beheaded. The guillotine was a common execution method in Europe.

Currently, executions are not usually public, so the gallows as platform display is no longer common.

A famous gallows was that of Montfaucon, built at the end of the 13th century in Paris and used until 1629, before being destroyed in 1760. Until the reign of Louis XIII of France, criminals, generally those accused of treasonThey were hanged and then exhibited before the people to warn them of the possible consequences of their actions. Its enormous structure was located on top of a small hill near the current Place de Colonel Fabien.

GallowsSome of the images that reconstruct the gallows of Montfaucon allow us to make out the 45 compartments in which people could be hanged and then hanged as symbols. Its true dimensions are unknown, since there are inconsistencies between some of the evidence of its appearance, but none questions the brutal and ruthless nature of the acts that were carried out in it.

Among the most renowned executions of the Monfaucon gallows are the following:

* Pierre de La Brosse, great chamberlain and favorite of Felipe III the Bold, in 1278;
* Enguerrand de Marigny, former Chancellor of Felipe IV the Beautiful, in 1315;
* Giraud Gayte, Chancellor of Felipe V of France, in 1322;
* Pierre des Essarts, Chancellor of Carlos VI, in 1413. It is worth mentioning that his remainsThey, as well as those of many others, were exposed for several years before being returned to their family;
* Jacques de Beaune, Baron of the Samblançay family, Viscount of Tours and Finance Superintendent of François I of France, in 1527.

“Twelve from the gallows”, on the other hand, is the title of a film, which in its original language is known as “The dirty dozen”. It is a film released in 1967 who won a Oscar award and that had among its protagonists Charles Bronson, Lee Marvin, John cassavetes and Donald sutherland.

At videogame «The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess»(«The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess«), The second installment of the series for the Nintendo Gamecube console, there is a dungeon called The Desert Gallows. It is said that it used to be a prison that had been built to hold the most ruthless criminals while they awaited the day of their trial, exile to the kingdom of Twilight or execution. One of the structures housed in this gallows is called the Twilight circus and it looks similar to the Roman Colosseum, although inside it reminds of ancient Egyptian tombs.