Futurism it is a concept that can be used in different ways. The term allows to refer to the speculation about him future It is carried out without any scientific or rational support.
For example: “If I wanted to do futurism, I could say that next year I am going to become a doctor, but in reality I did not even complete half of the degree”, “I don’t think there is a plan for man to step on the moon again in the short term: it seems to me that it is simple futurism “, “The president made futurism and said that the economy will grow more than 10% in the next five years”.
Futurism is also called a movement promoted by the Italian writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti at the beginning of twentieth century, whose essence consisted in the artistic expression of the progress of modern societies and technique. In the manifesto of futurism, Marinetti praised the “Love of energy” and the “Aggressive character”, praising war and revolutions and condemning moralism, academies, libraries and museums.
The manifest of Futurism was published in Le Figaro, a French newspaper of the time, in the year 1909, with the slogan “Freedom for words”. The type of beauty that he presented was different from what had existed until then, since it was based on the exaltation of violence and speed. Futurism adopted propaganda as a form of communication, leaving behind the distance that existed between design and art.
The plays Futurism, whether developed within the framework of poetry, plastic arts, cinema, architecture or music, are based on the exaltation of the movement and of the machines. With regard to painting, Futurism appeals to geometric figures and color to represent the velocity, painting the objects in different positions or smudging them.
In other words, Futurism flourished in all artistic disciplines and influenced various people who later created their own modernist movements. The two countries where your repercussion was greater are Italy and France.
From the futurism that emerged in Italy the Russian futurism, a slope with its own peculiarities. The Russians, like the Italians, pondered speed and dynamism, but were more focused on the literature than to the plastic arts.
Once the First World War, Futurism lost much force, although its restless and noisy essence was reflected in Dadaism, in the graphic design postmodern, in modern typography and in concretism.
In addition to Marinetti, among the prominent artists of Futurism are the following:
* Giacomo Balla: He was an Italian painter who sought to capture in his work the technical and scientific advances of his time through images far removed from nature. Although he did not venture into total abstraction, he was primarily concerned with the dynamism of the shapes, the color spectrum and the location of the light;
* Carlos Carrá: another painter from Italy. He traveled to Paris in 1900 with a contract to decorate the World Exhibition. His next destination was London, and throughout this trip he learned many of the concepts that characterized his art. Shortly after returning to his land he met Marinetti, with whom he later signed the first manifesto of Futurism;
* Umberto Boccioni: an Italian sculptor and painter considered the exponent largest of Futurism. Without neglecting the cubist influence, he incorporated elements of simultaneity and dynamism into his work, through the representation of spaces and forms that move at the same time in opposite directions.