The term funk not part of the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE). The word, however, is used to refer to a musical genre that emerged in the decade of 1960 from the fusion developed by African-American artists from soul, R&B, jazz Y Latin music.
Funk songs give prominence to electric bass Yet the percussion. They usually repeat a section or a figure over a single chord, intertwining rhythms. James brown, George Clinton, Sly stone, Maceo parker Y Fred wesley are some of the singers and musicians considered as pioneers of funk, whose heyday occurred in the ’70.
Just as funk was created from the combination of various styles, over the years also gave rise to several subgenres, such as the funk metal, the funk rock and the punk funk. Jane’s addiction, Faith no more, Red hot chili peppers, Rage Against the Machine Y Living Color are some of the groups that developed variants of funk.
Nowadays funk is usually understood as a genre close to rock that can be danced. Beyond the difficulties of establishing with precision what characteristics define a musical genre, funk is usually considered to respect the measure 4/4 (four times four) and the downbeat (the accentuation of the first beat of the measure), although there are also themes backbeat (with an accent on the second and fourth times).
In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore another series of interesting data about funk, among which we can highlight the following:
-The history of this musical genre we can establish that it is divided into two well differentiated parts: From 1960 to 1980, in which it was born, developed and consolidated, and from 1980 to the present day, a phase in which different subgenres within it.
-Among the musical instruments that are essential for creating and playing funk are the electric bass, electric guitar, drums and the Hammond organ. However, on occasions, they also bet on the use of trumpet or saxophone.
Among the most important artists in history who have become icons of funk we can highlight some such as:
-The American singer James Brown (1933 – 2006), who is considered one of the hundred best artists in the history of music in general. He is considered to be the true creator of funk and his record works include “In the jungle groove” (1986), “Live at the Apollo” (1963) or “Star Time” (1991).
-Jamiroquai is a group of British origin that started in 1992 and is led by Jason Kay. It is considered a key band in the latest funk.
-The American band Red Hot Chili Peppers, which was formed in the 80s and whose current leader is Anthony Kiedis.
It should be noted that even funk moved, in a certain way, to the plastic arts. The call funk art bet on the mix of techniques and materials, inspired by the passion and sensuality of musical funk.