A fungicide is a product with the ability to remove mushrooms. The term, in fact, comes from the Latin word fungus, which translates exactly as “fungus”.
To understand what a fungicide is, therefore, we must first know that a fungus is a living being. It’s about a heterotrophic organism, which cannot generate organic matter starting from inorganic substances. For this reason, like animals, it needs to feed on other living beings. In the case of fungi, they are parasites whose reproduction is carried out by spores.
Many fungi are harmful to Humans, animals and / or plants. To combat them, there are fungicides. Those substances, which have a certain degree of toxicity, can be applied through impregnation, spraying, spraying or other techniques.
Fungicides are frequently used in the field of farming in order to protect crops. When fungicides are applied to leaves, flowers, fruits or seeds, for example, blight, rust or mold, among many other fungi, can be prevented or eliminated. A commonly used fungicide is bordolés broth, which combines hydrated lime and copper sulfate.
If the fungicide is applied before the arrival of the spores, in order to prevent them from germinating, we speak of protective fungicide. On the other hand, when the product aims to kill the fungi that have already made the plant, It’s about a systemic fungicide or eradicator.
Beyond the Benefits of fungicides, it cannot be omitted to mention that its excessive use is harmful for the organism affected by the fungi, since it can suffer intoxication.
Fungicides are often used in plantations and gardens, and in fact many people consider them essential for the correct growth of your plants. From the transport and storage of the seeds, these products are used to ensure that no fungus affects them negatively. However, the dangers associated with them can be very serious.
Since there are many different chemicals within the fungicide group, each designed to combat a particular type of disease, the dangers of each also vary. It is important to read the warning signs on the packages, where they indicate the risks and precautions for use.
First of all we must point out the toxicity of the fungicide and its negative consequences on the skin, eyes and lungs of human beings. In its composition we usually find chemical products that can cause contact dermatitis, life changes, chronic skin disease and pulmonary edema, among other adverse effects, some of them fatal.
On the other hand are the effects adverse effects that the fungicide can cause in nature itself. Chlorothalonil, for example, is toxic to animals. Rain that spreads it beyond its area of application can contaminate groundwater and cause further damage. Both individuals living in contaminated water and those who drink it can be harmed. The fungicide can also go beyond the desired limits by the action of a strong wind; In this sense, one of the manufacturers’ warnings is to avoid its use in winds that exceed 160 km / h.
Other dangers of fungicide is the resistance that fungi can develop to its action. We must not forget that these individuals evolve and are capable of becoming immune to the products created to eliminate them. This form of defense is more possible against the use of fungicides that attack only a part of the fungus; and these are precisely the most common, since they are the least harmful to the environment.