Fungi is a Latin term that can be translated as fungus. The fungi kingdom, therefore, it is the kingdom of fungi: those eukaryotic-type living beings, like the mushrooms, the yeast and the molds.
The members of the fungi kingdom they are not animals, plants or protists. There are, in any case, confusion regarding certain organisms, and there are even organisms whose classification in one or the other kingdom it changed over the years.
The members of the fungi kingdom
Today it is understood that the members of the fungi kingdom are organisms eukaryotes whose cell walls are made up of chitin. The mushrooms are osmotrophs (They develop an external digestion that involves the secretion of enzymes, then reabsorbed).
Other characteristics of fungi are the presence of cellular organelles and vacuoles, the lack of chloroplasts, and the production of spores. There are fungi that are similar to bacteria, while others resemble the plants.
The members of the fungi kingdom have the ability to decompose dead matter. This means that when an animal or plant dies, the fungi take over their decomposition.
In addition to all the above, it is important to know that the members of the fungí kingdom also have another interesting series of characteristics, among which we highlight the following:
-They feed through what is the absorption of nutrients from organic material.
-They reproduce asexually by budding, mainly through what are spores.
-In a fundamental way they are terrestrial and the habitat in which they usually develop is in humid and dark areas.
-One of the curiosities in medicine is that a substance as important as penicillin is obtained precisely from a member of this fungi kingdom, specifically from the mold penicillium notatum.
-You have to know that there are fungi that are poisonous, specifically it is estimated that there are about 200 different species of these. This would be the case with Satan’s ticket or the phalloid amanita.
Rankings in the fungi kingdom
It should also be known that the members of the fungi kingdom can be classified into two large groups:
–The higher fungi. These are in turn made up of two groups: the ascomycetes, such as truffles, and the basidiomycetes, which are mainly found in forests such as mushrooms. It must be said that higher fungi are identified because they have a chitinous membrane, because they have filaments and because
–The lower fungi. This group, as in the previous case, is also made up of two large groups: oomycophytes, such as aquatic molds, and zygomycophytes, with molds as the greatest exponent.
Certain organisms of the fungi kingdom are of great importance in the economy. Some mushrooms, for example, are very popular in the gastronomy. Yeasts, for their part, are essential for make bread and beer. There are also fungi that are processed for the production of antibiotics.
One of the most famous edible mushrooms is the Agaricus bisporus, popularly known as mushroom. This member of the fungi kingdom is used in pizzas, salads and sauces, among other preparations.