The Latin word funĕbris came to our language as funeral. It’s about a adjective which is used to refer to that which is linked to dead.
A hearse it’s a vehicle whose main function is the transfer of lifeless bodies to the graveyard. It is a car with an elongated chassis in the back of which the coffin (the box that contains the corpse) is placed. The hearse also has the capacity to carry the flower arrangements that are usually placed next to the deceased as a tribute. Along with the driver, on the other hand, one or two companions can travel.
Typically, the hearse carries the coffin from the wake house (or the place where the farewell ceremony takes place) to the necropolis where the cremation or burial will take place. On occasion, the hearse is followed by other vehicles that escort it, forming a procession.
A funeral processionIn fact, it is a procession that is carried out as an accompaniment to the deceased. While the coffin goes in the hearse, his relatives and loved ones follow him in others vehicles. Funeral processions are especially large when the deceased is a public figure.
To the flower arrangement used in this type of ceremonies it is called funeral wreath. These offerings of circular form usually present a poster or inscription with the name of the honoree.
A funeral march, meanwhile, it is a musical composition that is created to accompany the Advance of the funeral procession. Funeral marches can also sound at the funeral or burial.
It is known by the name of funeral monument or funeral, on the other hand, to the one who stands in memory of a deceased person, as part of his commemoration. Depending on its size and whether or not it has a space inside, it can be considered funeral architecture. In this context it is necessary to mention the term mausoleum, which in itself serves to denote a very ostentatious funeral monument but also refers to the one built in memory of the King of Caria, Mausolo. This mausoleum is one of the so-called Seven Wonders of the World.
A funeral monument may contain the body of the deceased, and in such a case it is also a grave or tomb; its location usually coincides with the place where it was buried, but this is not a condition since it is often built in a remote place to which the corpse or a part of it, depending on the form of death and its age.
When a funeral monument has more than one grave inside, it is spoken of Pantheon although this concept should not be confused with that of mass grave, which denotes another kind of burial or belongs to different historical and cultural contexts. If the corpse is not found in the monument but it looks like a tomb then it is called cenotaph. If it is only a construction to remember the person but does not refer to his grave, his most appropriate name is memorial monument.
In addition to this meaning that relates the term funeral with the deceased, we can also use it to refer to a gloomy event or one that causes deep sadness. In this case it is an adjective that is not usually part of the informal conversations typical of everyday speech but is reserved mainly for texts of a literary or journalistic nature. For example, if we say “the funeral warning” we can express both the announcement of a death like anyone who anticipates a terrible event.