The freedom of expression is part of the human rights of people and is protected by the Universal Declaration of 1948 and the laws of all democratic states.
This Liberty it assumes that all human beings have the right to express themselves without being harassed because of what they think. It represents the possibility of conducting research, accessing information and transmitting it without barriers.
The expression should never be subject to prior censorship: on the other hand, it can be regulated from the subsequent liability. This means that, with freedom of expression, a person cannot be prevented from expressing himself, but he can be punished for his messages. For example: a journalist plans to denounce the corruption of an official on a TV program. The latter tries to stop the broadcast of the show but the former, protected by his right to say what he thinks, manages to spread the contents. However, Justice shows that the information it is false and the journalist must, finally, face charges of libel and slander.
The straight freedom of expression, therefore, is not absolute. Legislation usually prohibits a person incites violence or crime, to make an apology for discrimination and hatred or to stimulate a war. In a country with freedom of expression, racial rejection cannot be promoted or assassinations are encouraged.
Freedom of expression is linked to freedom of the press, which is the guarantee of transmitting information through social communication media without the Condition can exercise control before issuance.
Dictatorship and freedom of expression
When the government in a country is removed by external forces, generally the armed forces or paramilitary groups that want to seize power, a de facto government is established, which is known as dictatorship. This type of entity in power severely undermines freedom of expression.
Although when thinking about authoritarian governments the first thing that arises are Latin American dictatorships, this is an evil that lurks and has threatened the harmony of many countries, such as Spain, Romania, the Netherlands, China. In the play «Hunger and silk»By Herta Müller, an analysis is made of how devastating dictatorships can be and certain questions are put on the table that are laughable but are part of reality.
One of the fundamental consequences to which he refers is the censorship, the deprivation of all freedoms, including freedom of expression, which is put into practice through torture and infernal impositions. The testimonies of those people who have had to face this type of oppression are really heartbreaking.
During a dictatorship the media communication suffer a deep cut in the content they distribute. For example, in March 1976 a statement came to all the Argentine media where they were threatened, telling them that anyone who divulged information from subversive groups would receive a sentence that, according to the severity of what was published, could range from imprisonment to the closure of said media by the Armed Forces. At that time, all the news that was released was distributed by the Official Telam Agency and all the media had to adhere to them to the letter. It should be noted that many journalists and information professionals are tortured or even murdered in this type of government.
In any case, it should be mentioned, finally, that censorship of freedom of expression is not only linked to the media, but also to other settings such as literature or cinema, and in some dictatorships it has repercussions on life. of each citizen. In that situation, no person has the right to speak their minds about the places public, and even, in the most extreme cases, the forces of order intrude on the private premises and restrict the freedom of those who are in it.