The etymology of fragrance takes us to latin fragrantia. According to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), a fragrance is a pleasant and mild smell.
For example: “I love the fragrance of jasmine”, “The fragrance of fresh mint takes me back to my grandparents’ house, who had a garden full of aromatic herbs”, “The sweet fragrance caught the attention of the young man, who did not hesitate to go to the back of the bar”.
In colloquial language, fragrance is used as a synonym for smell, smell or fragrance. For the RAE, an odor is an impression registered by smell; perfume and aroma, meanwhile, can be very pleasant smells. A perfume, in addition, is a substance that is used to scent.
In this way, the most common use of fragrance is linked to aromatic product marketed to produce good smell. Fragrances can be corporal (the product is applied on the Body), environmental (they are used to perfume the environment) or of another type (for clothing, for the car, etc.).
The origins of fragrances, in this sense, are very old. Already in prehistory the human being He began to discover the various aromas that certain natural elements generated and to use them for ritual or other purposes.
The floral fragrances they are among the most appreciated. There are an infinity of products that imitate the scent of roses, jasmine, orchids and others flowers so that people can use them in order to produce pleasant sensations. The fruity fragrances, especially fruits such as lemon, grape and apple, are also very popular.
In addition to the synonyms of the term fragrance that are expressed in the previous paragraphs, we can point out the following three: effluvium, freshness Y essence. It is important to note that it is not correct to use all these words indiscriminately; for example: it is not normal to say “what a good fragrance this food has” or “I perceive an unpleasant fragrance that comes from the trunk”, but in these cases they are usually used smell Y odor, respectively.
On the other hand we have two antonyms that can serve to further graph the definition of fragrance through the concepts at the other end: pestilence Y stench. These terms denote horrible odors, unbearable for humans, which generally come from organic matter in a state of decomposition or substances that are very harmful to health. If we use them to refer to the body odor of a person or that of a food, for example, our intention is to hurt the feelings of the other.
As in many other areas, it is possible to make a fragrance at home, to save money on industrial products and achieve results that are more tailored to our needs. In this framework we speak of «notes»To refer to the different levels of aromas that make up a perfume. When spraying a fragrance on the body, the notes can be appreciated in a certain order:
* top notes: also known as exit notes and they are the ones that can be perceived in the first place but also the first to disappear. They usually last about 12 minutes, although this varies by product;
* heart notes: these appear when the previous ones evaporate. These are the most important as they give the fragrance its traits main ones, those that make it belong to a particular family (such as floral, fresh, woody or oriental, among others);
* background notes: are also called base and they are the ones that fix and accentuate the heart. They are what give the “theme” to the fragrance and allow it to last up to 5 hours.