From Latin fluctuating, the fluctuation is the act and consequences of fluctuate. This verb refers to the oscillation (alternately increase and decrease) or hesitate. The concept has different applications according to context.
In the field of finance, the fluctuation is the monetary loss that is produced by the reduction of a certain quantity of merchandise or by the updating of the stock. It’s about the difference between what the inventory books reflect and the actual (physical) existence of the goods.
It is known as decrease to the specific and material loss of the products, while the fluctuation is linked to the monetary loss due to said variation. The fluctuation reflects in money, therefore, the difference between what you have and what you should have according to inventories.
It is possible to distinguish two main types of fluctuations. The regular fluctuation, also known as cyclical fluctuation, It occurs when there are seasonal periods (growth stages follow periods of contraction). The irregular fluctuationInstead, it is determined by changes that are not periodic and that are due to changes that are not common.
Changes in the forex market they are also known as fluctuations. The concept, in this case, allows to name the changes in the value of a currency in comparison with another or others. This fluctuation usually depends on the central banks of each country, political actions and the current state of international trade.
In the same way that the term fluctuation is used in what is the economic and business field, it is also used in the Physics sector. In this case, the concept that concerns us can be defined as the difference that exists between what is the normal value of a quantity and its instantaneous value.
In addition to this new meaning, the word we are dealing with is also part of a broader term known as quantum fluctuation, which refers to the change in energy that occurs at a specific point in space and at a time. determined and temporarily.
This last concept must be said that it is closely linked to what is the uncertainty principle, also known as the Heisenberg indeterminacy relationship. In 1927 it was when the German physicist that gives it its name proceeded to formulate the one with which it is clear that it is impossible to measure simultaneously what the linear momentum and the position of a particle are.
This principle must be emphasized that it has become one of the basic pillars of quantum theory. So much so that he, and specifically his aforementioned formulator, won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1932.
Likewise, we must not forget that fluctuation is a concept that is used to define the movement that a body experiences in time with what the waves are.
Finally, it is known as fluctuation, the hesitation that leads a person to hesitate and not resolve a situation.