The term triumvirate comes from the Latin word triumvirātus. The concept can be used to refer to the board of three individuals who manages or directs an organization or a matter. The adjective first (or first), meanwhile, refers to that or that which precedes the rest in position, hierarchy or time.
Throughout the history, the notion of first triumvirate was used to name different government assemblies, both formal and informal. It is called First Triumvirate, for example, to the alliance that, in the Roman empire, they established Marco Licinius Crassus, Gaius Julius Caesar and Gnaw Pompey the Great between the years 60 before Christ and 53 a. C.
Let’s see a brief semblance of each member of the First Triumvirate of ancient Rome. First of all we have Marco Licinius Crassus, whose Latin name was Marcus Licinius Crassus and today it is known as Crassus the Triumviro. He was a politician, general and aristocrat of great relevance in his time, specifically in the late republican era (the Roman Republic extended from 509 BC to 27 BC)
With respect to it fell or Gaius Julius Caesar, we can say that he was a military and politician who was part of the Julius Caesars, a patrician family that is recorded in Ancient Rome from the second half of the 3rd century BC. C. He, in particular, stood out for having reached the highest magistracies of the State of Rome and having dominated republican politics after having been victorious in the war civil that put him in front of the most conservative sector of the Senate.
The third member of the First Triumvirate was Gnaw Pompey the Great, who is also known simply as Pompey or like Pompey the Triumviro or Pompey the great. East general and politician of Ancient Rome was born into a wealthy family and became a nobleman on his own through his leadership in more than one campaign. Lucio Cornelio Sila Fénix, a prominent contemporary politician and military man, called him “the Great.”
In the year 70 a. C., Pompeyo and Crassus were consuls, the highest rank for a Roman magistrate, and they led the abolition of the aristocratic constitution of Sila. Pompey had gained considerable popularity for his fight against the pirates of the Mediterranean Sea and the insurgents in Anatolia. Crassus had fought against the uprising of slaves by Spartacus in the Third Servile War and was very interested in ending it to recover his income from the slave trade.
Gaius Julius Caesar, for his part, was not as powerful as they, and that is why he joined the group as a reconciler. Their secret alliance came to light when the Senate blocked the Agrarian Law of Cayo.
The First Triumvirate of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, meanwhile, was an organ in charge of the executive power of that region. It was in force since September 23, 1811 until the October 8, 1812.
Juan Jose Paso, Manuel de Sarratea and Feliciano Antonio Chiclana integrated the First Triumvirate until April 1812. Later, He passed was replaced by Juan Martin de Pueyrredón. The October 8th of that year, a revolution overthrew him and thus arose the Second Triumvirate.
It should be noted that United Provinces of Central America they also had their First Triumvirate. In this case, he ruled between the July 2nd and the October 4, 1823. The National Constituent Assembly chose Juan Vicente Villacorta Diaz, Pedro Molina Mazariegos and Manuel José Arce and Fagoaga as members. The latter, not being in the region, was supplanted by Antonio Rivera Cabezas.