It is known as fine arts to the set of disciplines who are looking for the expression of beauty. Music, sculpture and painting are part of this group, which began to be considered in this way from the century XVIII.
It can be said that the fine arts appeal to the search for beauty, the use of esthetic and the domain of technique. The French Charles Batteux, in a book he published in 1746, was the first to use the name of fine arts. For her music, the sculpture, the painting, the dance, the poetry, the eloquence and the architecture they were part of the fine arts.
Over the years, the list has been mutating according to the conception of different theorists. The eloquenceFor example, it is no longer considered one of the fine arts. Instead, the movies As the seventh art.
At present the notion of fine arts is used mainly in institutions, associations Y museums that are oriented to the plastic arts. In this way, it is no longer usually linked to music, dance and poetry to this idea.
A widely used classification indicates that the fine arts are the higher arts: disciplines that can be appreciated through the ear or through the view, without the need for direct physical contact. Starting from this premise, it is established that the fine arts or higher arts are architecture, sculpture, dance, painting, music, literature, as well as cinema and theater.
Instead, minor arts they are captured by touch, smell and taste. Perfumery and gastronomy enter this set.
In addition to all that is indicated, we cannot ignore the existence of numerous museums that bear the “surname” of Fine Arts. Among the most relevant we can highlight the Museum of Fine Arts in Seville. This place has its origin in the first half of the 19th century, which is considered to be one of the largest and most important art galleries in Spain.
Specifically, this museum is a wonderful proposal to discover not only Andalusian painting of the 19th century but, above all, Sevillian Baroque painting. And it is that in its collection it has spectacular works by Valdés Leal, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo or Francisco de Zurbarán. Among his most important works are “Don Cristóbal Suárez de Ribera” by Velázquez or the “Immaculate Concepción Grande” by the aforementioned Murillo.
Within the educational field, we have to expose the existence in Spain of what is known as a degree in Fine Arts. Through it, the student can be trained as a plastic artist as well as a professional in design and new technologies. In this way, you will acquire knowledge and develop your artistic skills that can lead you to become an important artist in the world of photography, painting, sculpture, drawing, comics, video, video games …