A film library it’s a space that treasures films to exhibit and to allow their study. Sometimes the term refers specifically to the living room where the projections are made.
It should be remembered that a film is a movie: a tape with images that, when projected on a screen, generates the illusion of movement. By extension, it is called film or film to cinematographic work.
It can be said that a film library, also named as cinematheque, it’s a archive which specializes in the preservation, restoration, cataloging and exhibition of cinematographic documents. Its collection, therefore, is made up of audiovisual materials and by devices and machines linked to them.
It is important to mention that, in general, film libraries show films of cultural or educational interest. Unlike the rooms movies conventional, they do not usually present premieres or films aimed only at entertainment.
Film libraries often organize cycles to bring the job from great filmmakers to the public. In this way, different films by the same director are shown throughout different days.
The Spanish Film Library, founded as National Film Library in 1953, it’s a example of this type of institution. It is part of the orbit of the Institute of Cinematography and Audiovisual Arts (ICAA) of Spain and is based in Madrid.
In 1960, meanwhile, was born Film library of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Its purpose is to preserve and disseminate the memory Mexican film.
Many film libraries are grouped in the International Federation of Film Archives (FIAF), an entity created in 1938. The basis of this organization is found in Brussels, the capital of Belgium.
If we look for this term in the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, we will also find a meaning whose use is relatively frequent in everyday speech: «collection or set of movies”. This strips away the meaning of a physical space to store or reproduce them, as it focuses solely on the articles themselves, regardless of format.
In everyday speech, depending on the region and the age of the speakers, it is possible to come across this word or, more commonly, with video library, film library or, even if incorrect in this context, library. Yes, the latter is defined as «a collection or a set of books ”, but it is not uncommon to see it in other areas, both to talk about movies and video games (in the latter case the correct thing to do would be to say playroom).
Since until the end of the 90s, films were distributed mainly in physical format, either on cassette or disk, the vast majority of movie lovers have a private collection on the shelves of their homes. However, the rage of online platforms that allow the rental or purchase of films in Format digital has led millions of people to opt for this method for convenience reasons.
Image quality is one of the key factors when creating or maintaining a film library. In turn, the format may affect this: a cassette, for example, deteriorates with use and the passage of time since the reading is analog, while a disk Optical (such as a Blu-ray or a DVD) always offers the same image quality, because the information is stored digitally and there is no physical wear when reading it.
In the case of services streaming, the aforementioned platforms that offer the rental or purchase of content over the Internet, there is also no wear. However, if the quality of the playback depends on the connection, it is variable and can give noticeably different results from session to session. Form a film library with contents remote or tape are therefore the two least recommended options.