To establish the meaning of the concept of figurative sense, we must previously establish the definition of each of its parts separately.
The notion of sense It has various uses: it can be the physiological process of reception and recognition of stimuli; of the understanding wave reason; of the full significance; or orientation in space.
The concept of figurative works as a adjective that applies to that which uses figures of speech.
Literary resources are those that allow us to create varied images by playing with the meaning of the words and the sounds that represent them. Through these resources we can vary the orthodox or literal meaning of words to provide them with nuances that give writing a wide universe where its meaning is not explicit but is equivalent to a semantic value far from the true value of the lexical signifier. The figurative sense It arises when playing with the meaning of words and relating them to an idea or image different from the one that corresponds categorically.
The figurative sense replaces the literal meaning of a word to create new relationships between the subject of a sentence and its definition. In this way, if someone tells us that a place is the Bermuda Triangle of the region, it does not mean that it is called that, what it suggests is that strange disappearances take place there, which is a place where they usually take place. silent robberies or accidental disappearances, as happens in the homonymous place known to all.
The figurative sense in literature
There is talk of literal meaning when you say something wanting to express exactly what the dictionary assumes that word means. Donkey: soliped animal of the equidae family.
There is talk of figurative sense when using a term with a new meaning, which is not found in the dictionary. Donkey: hard person of understanding.
The figurative sense is very frequent in the literature, although its use has been extended to everyday language.
Many times the figurative sense is used to establish relationships between the personality of a human and certain iconic features attributed to some animals. For instance: “The midfielder played like a lion and did not lose any ball”, “The Jamaican was a gazelle and won again in the hundred meters free”, “The Argentine boxer is an elephant: strong, but slow”.
Sometimes the figurative sense does not make a comparison, but it supposes a exaggeration of a real action. For example, if a father tells his son that if he ignores him, he is going to send him to an orphanage, what he suggests is that he obey him or, otherwise, the consequences will not be pleasant for him.
Among the literary resources those that mainly work with the figurative sense are: metaphor (direct relationship between two objects naming the second only its quality), personification (to endow an animal with human attitudes), simile or comparison (direct relationship between two objects naming them and showing their close connection), hyperbole (relationship between two objects to give the first an exaggerated meaning), irony (express the opposite of the true meaning you want to give the message) and paradox (join two ideas that a priori are irreconcilable but that when abstracted can express a deep and logical image).
Taking into account all this we can conclude that the figurative sense serves to give words a renewed air that allows us to establish new meanings or relate them to objects or subjects that at first glance are totally remote from them.