The expansionism is the propensity of a nation or one business to expand, increasing their influence or dominance. Thus, expansionism implies a increased power.
Usually a Condition expansionism is overturned for economic purposes. There are various methods that allow the development of expansionism: in some cases even appeal is made to military attack to allow the territorial annexation.
Expansionism can be linked to imperialism and to colonialism. In any case, it is carried out in different ways and under multiple pretexts. There are countries that justify their expansionism on issues of the past, such as the loss of territories in antiquity or the intention to reunify several currently independent entities.
Beyond the military dominance, expansionism allows control sources of raw materials and impose a culture. Many times it is also associated with achieving a political submission.
The measurements of USA about Latin America constitute a example of expansionism. His interventions in Panama at the beginning of twentieth century, the impulse of an invasion in Cuba on 1961 and support for coups in Guatemala, chili and other countries show the US intention to impose its interests in the region.
Cuba, for its part, resorted to expansionism to try to establish the socialism on Algeria, Congo, Bolivia and other territories. He also supported movements close to the ideology of his regime, such as Chavismo in Venezuela.
In short, therefore, one speaks of expansionism to describe the intentions of a nation that its borders expand, to get new lands so that their territory becomes larger at the expense of other countries. These are not always neighbors, since the most important thing is to impose their own traditions and improve their military strategies, something that presents different demands depending on the time and the case.
With regard to expansionism in imperial states, it is common that their desires revolve around taking advantage of the resources of others for their own benefit, regardless of the deterioration that this exploitation entails on an economic level. It is a ruthless imposition with selfish ends that are not tolerated in a person, but in a country it can be disguised and sustained for a long time thanks to the manipulation of the news.
As mentioned in a previous paragraph, expansionism is also linked to colonialism. When Imperial Europe began to dominate different territories, both in Asia and in Africa and America, it practiced what today we define as expansionism. These colonies sooner or later became independent, but the passage of Europeans through their lands left a trail indelible in their culture.
At the corporate level, expansionism is reflected in the objective of monopolizing the market, leaving out the competitors. In this sense, the acquisitions of companies and mergers are key to building a monopoly or a oligopoly.
It is important to note that corporate expansionism can be practiced in various ways, by different paths, although the goal is always the same: to dominate the market. The most obvious way is also the least refined: to acquire companies, large and small, that already show a good performance in the market, with the intention of taking advantage of their success and promoting it with more money and influence.
But some companies take a more sneaky path: They invest in teams of talented people in the hopes of seeing them grow and achieve big goals. In the long term, these teams become a fundamental part of the company, and they expand it more and more, to a level that makes competition difficult given the versatility that is obtained by incorporating so many workers from different fields.