In the Greek it is where we find the etymological origin of the term exodus that now occupies us. It exactly comes from the word “exodus”, which is the result of the union of two clearly defined components:
-The prefix “ex-“, which can be translated as “out”.
-The noun “hodos”, which is synonymous with “way”.
It is also interesting to know that this Greek word derived in Latin with the form of “exodus” and thus arrived at Castilian.
It is called an exodus exile or the exile of a community.
The exodus usually occurs when a people is forced to abandon your Earth for a reason of force majeure. On 1812, for example, the so-called Jujuy Exodus: the population of Jujuy, complying with an order from the authorities of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, left his city as a strategy in the framework of the fight against the Royalist Army. Some 1,500 people, in this context, abandoned and destroyed their houses and their fields so that the advancing enemy could not take advantage of anything.
The Eastern Exodus, on the other hand, it was an emigration of citizens of the Oriental Band on 1811. Are persons They went to the area where he is currently Concord (Argentina), following Jose Gervasio Artigas.
Is named Exodus, in addition, to a book of the Old Testament and of the Torah. This text tells how Moses freed the Hebrew slaves from Ancient Egypt and led them to the Promised land. According to history, the Hebrew people marched about forty years through the desert after this exodus, before arriving at their destination.
It is also known as exodus to other displacements of human groups. The idea of Rural exodusIn this sense, it alludes to the emigration of peasants to the cities in search of work and opportunities for advancement.
The lack of employment in rural areas, the low wages charged in those areas, the scarcity of services, the fact that farm jobs require longer working hours, or the fact that women are given little chance to find a job in those enclaves are some of the causes that propitiate the aforementioned rural exodus.
The consequences of it are varied. Thus, at the city level, it brings with it an increase in the population, an increase in prices, more competition when it comes to finding a job or that there is marginalization. On the other hand, the consequences that it generates in the countryside are depopulation, a reduction in the workforce, a reduction in unemployment and an increase in the elderly population.
Likewise, we cannot forget the existence of the film “Exodus”, which is American and was released in 1960. It is based on the novel by Leon Uris, was directed by Otto Preminger and has as main actors Paul Newman , Eva Marie Saint and Ralph Richardson. It revolves around the unification of the State of Israel.